Quantitative interpretation of vortices from a cylinder oscillating in quiescent fluid

Quantitative interpretation of vortices from a cylinder oscillating in quiescent fluid  The instantaneous, quantitative patterns of vortices arising from sinusoidal oscillation of a cylinder in quiescent fluid are experimentally characterized for the first time using high-image-density particle image velocimetry. The near-wake does not indicate a separated layer of distributed vorticity leading to a single, large-scale vortex. Rather, for sufficiently high Reynolds number, a sequence of small-scale vorticity concentrations is formed. Agglomeration of only a fraction of the adjacent concentrations forms a larger-scale vortex. Simultaneously, vorticity concentrations of opposite sense are formed along the base (rear) of the cylinder. Streamline patterns typically indicate, however, only the larger-scale vortex; it has a circulation smaller than the total circulation of all vorticity concentrations that are not revealed by the streamlines. These observations are interpreted in the context of the effective resolution of the flow images. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Quantitative interpretation of vortices from a cylinder oscillating in quiescent fluid

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003480050090
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

 The instantaneous, quantitative patterns of vortices arising from sinusoidal oscillation of a cylinder in quiescent fluid are experimentally characterized for the first time using high-image-density particle image velocimetry. The near-wake does not indicate a separated layer of distributed vorticity leading to a single, large-scale vortex. Rather, for sufficiently high Reynolds number, a sequence of small-scale vorticity concentrations is formed. Agglomeration of only a fraction of the adjacent concentrations forms a larger-scale vortex. Simultaneously, vorticity concentrations of opposite sense are formed along the base (rear) of the cylinder. Streamline patterns typically indicate, however, only the larger-scale vortex; it has a circulation smaller than the total circulation of all vorticity concentrations that are not revealed by the streamlines. These observations are interpreted in the context of the effective resolution of the flow images.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 13, 1997

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