Quantitative characterisation of clinically significant intra-prostatic cancer by prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) expression and cell density on PSMA-11

Quantitative characterisation of clinically significant intra-prostatic cancer by... Objectives To quantitatively characterize clinically significant intra-prostatic cancer (IPC) by prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) expression and cell density on PSMA-11 positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance (PET/MR). Methods Retrospective study approved by the institutional review board with informed written consent obtained. Patients with a solitary, biopsy-proven prostate cancer, Gleason score (GS) ≥7, presenting for initial evaluation by PET/computerised tomography (PET/CT), underwent early prostate PET/MR immediately after PSMA-11 tracer injec- tion. PET/MR [MRI-based attenuation correction (MRAC)] and PET/CT [CT-based AC (CTAC)] maximal standardised uptake value (SUVmax) and minimal and mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin, ADCmean; respectively) in normal prostatic tissue (NPT) were compared to IPC area. The relationship between SUVmax, ADCmin and ADCmean measurements was obtained. Results Twenty-two patients (mean age 69.5±5.0 years) were included in the analysis. Forty-four prostate areas were evaluated (22 IPC and 22 NPT). Median MRAC SUVmax of NPT was significantly lower than median MRAC SUVmax of IPC (p < 0.0001). Median ADCmin and ADCmean of NPT was significantly higher than median ADCmin and ADCmean of IPC (p < 0.0001). A very good correlation was found between MRAC SUVmax with CTAC SUVmax (rho = –0.843, p < 0.0001). A good inverse relationship was found between MRAC SUVmax and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Radiology Springer Journals

Quantitative characterisation of clinically significant intra-prostatic cancer by prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) expression and cell density on PSMA-11

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by European Society of Radiology
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Imaging / Radiology; Diagnostic Radiology; Interventional Radiology; Neuroradiology; Ultrasound; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0938-7994
eISSN
1432-1084
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00330-018-5484-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives To quantitatively characterize clinically significant intra-prostatic cancer (IPC) by prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) expression and cell density on PSMA-11 positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance (PET/MR). Methods Retrospective study approved by the institutional review board with informed written consent obtained. Patients with a solitary, biopsy-proven prostate cancer, Gleason score (GS) ≥7, presenting for initial evaluation by PET/computerised tomography (PET/CT), underwent early prostate PET/MR immediately after PSMA-11 tracer injec- tion. PET/MR [MRI-based attenuation correction (MRAC)] and PET/CT [CT-based AC (CTAC)] maximal standardised uptake value (SUVmax) and minimal and mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin, ADCmean; respectively) in normal prostatic tissue (NPT) were compared to IPC area. The relationship between SUVmax, ADCmin and ADCmean measurements was obtained. Results Twenty-two patients (mean age 69.5±5.0 years) were included in the analysis. Forty-four prostate areas were evaluated (22 IPC and 22 NPT). Median MRAC SUVmax of NPT was significantly lower than median MRAC SUVmax of IPC (p < 0.0001). Median ADCmin and ADCmean of NPT was significantly higher than median ADCmin and ADCmean of IPC (p < 0.0001). A very good correlation was found between MRAC SUVmax with CTAC SUVmax (rho = –0.843, p < 0.0001). A good inverse relationship was found between MRAC SUVmax and

Journal

European RadiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

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