Surg Radiol Anat (2017) 39:827–835 DOI 10.1007/s00276-017-1821-3 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantitative anatomy of the growing clavicle in the human fetus: CT, digital image analysis, and statistical study 1 1 1 Marcin Wiśniewski · Mariusz Baumgart · Magdalena Grzonkowska · 2 1 1 1 Bogdan Małkowski · Piotr Flisiński · Małgorzata Dombek · Michał Szpinda Received: 19 February 2016 / Accepted: 12 January 2017 / Published online: 10 February 2017 © The Author(s) 2017. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract projection surface area. The obtained morphometric data Purposes Knowledge of dimensions of fetal long bones of the growing clavicle are considered normative for their is useful in both the assessment of fetal growth and early respective weeks of gestation and may be of relevance in detection of inherited defects. Measurements of the fetal the diagnosis of congenital defects. clavicle may facilitate detection of numerous defects, e.g., cleidocranial dysplasia, Holt–Oram syndrome, Goltz syn- Keywords Clavicle · Size · Growth dynamics · Digital drome, and Melnick–Needles syndrome. image analysis · Human fetus · Regression analysis Methods Using the methods of CT, digital image analy- sis, and statistics, the size of the growing clavicle in 42 spontaneously aborted human fetuses (21 males and 21 Introduction females) at ages of 18–30 weeks was studied. Results Without any
Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 10, 2017
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