This paper describes experimental and numerical investigations focused on the shock wave modification induced by a dc glow discharge. The model is a flat plate in a Mach 2 air flow, equipped with a plasma actuator composed of two electrodes. A weakly ionized plasma was created above the plate by generating a glow discharge with a negative dc potential applied to the upstream electrode. The natural flow exhibited a shock wave with a hyperbolic shape. Pitot measurements and ICCD images of the modified flow revealed that when the discharge was ignited, the shock wave angle increased with the discharge current. The spatial distribution of the surface temperature was measured with an IR camera. The surface temperature increased with the current and decreased along the model. The temperature distribution was reproduced experimentally by placing a heating element instead of the active electrode, and numerically by modifying the boundary condition at the model surface. For the same surface temperature, experimental investigations showed that the shock wave angle was lower with the heating element than for the case with the discharge switched on. The results show that surface heating is responsible for roughly 50 % of the shock wave angle increase, meaning that purely plasma effects must also be considered to fully explain the flow modifications observed.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: May 7, 2015
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