Efforts on quantitative measurements of the interactive forces of red blood cells (RBC) have been pursued for many years in hopes of a better understanding of hemodynamics and blood rheology. In this paper, we report an approach based on an ultra-high frequency (410 MHz) single beam acoustic tweezer (SBAT) for quantitative measurements of inter-RBC forces at a single cell level. The trapping forces produced by this ultra-high frequency (UHF) SBAT can be quantitatively estimated with a micropipette. Since the focal beam diameter of the 410 MHz ultrasonic transducer used in this SBAT was only 6.5 micrometer (μm), which was smaller than that of a RBC (~7.5 μm), it was made possible to directly apply the beam to a single RBC and measure inter-RBC forces against the pre-calibrated acoustic trapping forces as another example of potential cellular applications of the SBAT. The magnitude of these forces was found to be 391.0 ± 86.4 pN. Finally, it is worth noting that unlike several other methods, this method does not require the measuring device to be in contact with the cells.
Annals of Biomedical Engineering – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2017
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