Quality of Meta-Analyses for Randomized Trials in the Field of Hypertension: an Updated and Improved Systematic Review

Quality of Meta-Analyses for Randomized Trials in the Field of Hypertension: an Updated and... Publications of hypertension-related meta-analyses (MAs) have increased exponentially in the past 25 years and now average 8/month. Theoretically, this is facilitating evidence-based management of patients. However, some practitioners and authors of guidelines have questioned the quality of published MAs. By extending a prior review, we have assessed the quality of 212 hypertension-related meta-analyses over 5 years based on systematically searching three computerized libraries. Seventeen criteria grouped into four domains of quality yielded the following results: (1) Assessment of trial quality was accomplished in 89% of MAs, and 38% analyzed trials in subgroups of trial quality where appropriate. (2) All three measures of heterogeneity (I 2, tau, and P for heterogeneity) were reported in 36%, reflecting the failure to report tau, the standard deviation of the main effect. (3) Publication bias was assessed in 75%, and 43% of MAs used a statistical test for publication bias. (4) Regarding transparency, 9 to 31% of MAs reported problems in the previous three domains in the article’s abstract. Journal impact factor reporting the MAs declined significantly over 5 years. The percent with criteria of quality in a MA was modestly correlated with journal impact factor (R 2 = 0.05, P = 0.001). False-positive results from inappropriate application of the DerSimonian-Laird model affected 25% of articles, which reported these false positives in the article’s abstract in 72%. No more than 25% of MAs had 67% or more of the criteria of quality. In conclusion, skepticism of hypertension-related MAs is justified, but their quality can be readily corrected. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Hypertension Reports Springer Journals

Quality of Meta-Analyses for Randomized Trials in the Field of Hypertension: an Updated and Improved Systematic Review

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/quality-of-meta-analyses-for-randomized-trials-in-the-field-of-xYsSdkWN5z
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Internal Medicine; Cardiology; Metabolic Diseases; Nephrology; Primary Care Medicine; General Practice / Family Medicine
ISSN
1522-6417
eISSN
1534-3111
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11906-017-0765-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial