Quality & Quantity 38: 319–329, 2004.
© 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.
Quality Level and Price in Turkish Durum Wheat
University of Ankara, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Agricultural Economics 06110
Di¸skapı/Ankara, E-mail: ﬁdan@agri.ankara.edu.tr
Abstract. This study has been made to assess the inﬂuences and effects of durum wheat quality
characteristics on the prices in Turkish durum wheat market. The current prices are determined as
the result of the applied analysis, in respect to the quality characteristics of durum wheat. The Turkish
durum wheat varieties are compared with the wheat varieties of other countries, from where Turkey
is importing durum wheat in respect to the quality characteristics. It has been assessed that hectoliter
and glassware are the major factors that have the greatest effect and inﬂuence on Turkish durum
wheat market in respect to the quality aspects.
Key words: Durum wheat, characteristics, quality, TMO, Turkey, wholesale markets
The quality of durum wheat is an important factor for the macaroni sector that
creates demands for it. The macaroni manufacturers of the industry are requesting
high quality raw material in order to produce better quality macaroni products.
Especially, the Turkish durum wheat has the defect of conversion (loosing it’s
glassware) as a general characteristic. The occurrence of this situation causes the
insufﬁcient supply in meeting the domestic demand in the Turkish durum wheat
market and required durum wheat for Turkey is procured from the foreign markets.
Turkey has decided on the importation of durum wheat from Canada and USA and
bought durum wheat from these countries; since Turkey could not produce high
quality durum wheat for macaroni industry, especially during the 1990’s. Thus the
foreign durum wheat has also entered into the Turkish market. The durum wheat
varieties, known as French durum wheat and Italian durum in Turkey, have also
imported into Turkey in small amounts from the said countries. These importations
are gaining more importance; especially in the periods when the conversion prob-
lem of Turkish durum wheat product occurs and a high quality product could not
Mostly the amber variety of durum wheat was imported from USA and Canada
in accordance with the concluded agreements with these countries, in the years of
the above mentioned poor product quality. The Turkish industries do not prefer the