QSAR modeling and in silico design of small-molecule inhibitors targeting the interaction between E3 ligase VHL and HIF-1 $$\alpha $$ α

QSAR modeling and in silico design of small-molecule inhibitors targeting the interaction between... Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) have attracted much attention recently because of their preponderant role in most biological processes. The prevention of the interaction between E3 ligase VHL and HIF-1 $$\alpha $$ α may improve tolerance to hypoxia and ameliorate the prognosis of many diseases. To obtain novel potent inhibitors of VHL/HIF-1 $$\alpha $$ α interaction, a series of hydroxyproline-based inhibitors were investigated for structural optimization using a combination of QSAR modeling and molecular docking. Here, 2D- and 3D-QSAR models were developed by genetic function approximation (GFA) and comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity index analysis (CoMSIA) methods, respectively. The top-ranked models with strict validation revealed satisfactory statistical parameters (CoMFA with $$q^{2}$$ q 2 , 0.637; $$r^{2}$$ r 2 , 0.955; $$r_{\mathrm{pred}}^2$$ r pred 2 , 0.944; CoMSIA with $$q^{2}$$ q 2 , 0.649; $$r^{2}$$ r 2 , 0.954; $$r_{\mathrm{pred}}^2$$ r pred 2 , 0.911; GFA with $$q^{2}$$ q 2 , 0.721; $$r^{2}$$ r 2 , 0.801; $$r_{\mathrm{pred}}^2$$ r pred 2 , 0.861). The selected five 2D-QSAR descriptors were in good accordance with the 3D-QSAR results, and contour maps gave the visualization of feature requirements for inhibitory activity. A new diverse molecular database was created by molecular fragment replacement and BREED techniques for subsequent virtual screening. Eventually, 31 novel hydroxyproline derivatives stood out as potential VHL/HIF-1 $$\alpha $$ α inhibitors with favorable predictions by the CoMFA, CoMSIA and GFA models. The reliability of this protocol suggests that it could also be applied to the exploration of lead optimization of other PPI targets. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Molecular Diversity Springer Journals

QSAR modeling and in silico design of small-molecule inhibitors targeting the interaction between E3 ligase VHL and HIF-1 $$\alpha $$ α

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing Switzerland
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Organic Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Pharmacy
ISSN
1381-1991
eISSN
1573-501X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11030-017-9750-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) have attracted much attention recently because of their preponderant role in most biological processes. The prevention of the interaction between E3 ligase VHL and HIF-1 $$\alpha $$ α may improve tolerance to hypoxia and ameliorate the prognosis of many diseases. To obtain novel potent inhibitors of VHL/HIF-1 $$\alpha $$ α interaction, a series of hydroxyproline-based inhibitors were investigated for structural optimization using a combination of QSAR modeling and molecular docking. Here, 2D- and 3D-QSAR models were developed by genetic function approximation (GFA) and comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity index analysis (CoMSIA) methods, respectively. The top-ranked models with strict validation revealed satisfactory statistical parameters (CoMFA with $$q^{2}$$ q 2 , 0.637; $$r^{2}$$ r 2 , 0.955; $$r_{\mathrm{pred}}^2$$ r pred 2 , 0.944; CoMSIA with $$q^{2}$$ q 2 , 0.649; $$r^{2}$$ r 2 , 0.954; $$r_{\mathrm{pred}}^2$$ r pred 2 , 0.911; GFA with $$q^{2}$$ q 2 , 0.721; $$r^{2}$$ r 2 , 0.801; $$r_{\mathrm{pred}}^2$$ r pred 2 , 0.861). The selected five 2D-QSAR descriptors were in good accordance with the 3D-QSAR results, and contour maps gave the visualization of feature requirements for inhibitory activity. A new diverse molecular database was created by molecular fragment replacement and BREED techniques for subsequent virtual screening. Eventually, 31 novel hydroxyproline derivatives stood out as potential VHL/HIF-1 $$\alpha $$ α inhibitors with favorable predictions by the CoMFA, CoMSIA and GFA models. The reliability of this protocol suggests that it could also be applied to the exploration of lead optimization of other PPI targets.

Journal

Molecular DiversitySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 8, 2017

References

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