Improvements to in vitro organogenesis are essential for optimizing shoot development and understanding basic physiological processes. The addition of polyamines (PAs) to the culture medium has been used to modulate organogenesis in plants, and this work evaluated the effects of exogenous PAs on direct organogenesis from apical and cotyledonary nodal Cedrela fissilis explants as well as the effects of putrescine (Put) on endogenous PA levels and variations in protein abundance. The effects of exogenous Put, spermidine, and spermine at 0, 0.5, 1, 2.5, or 5 mM on shoot development were tested. The comparison of the tested PAs to the control treatment revealed that 2.5 mM Put significantly increased the length of shoots from cotyledonary nodal explants, which are more sensitive than apical nodal explants, and treatment with 2.5 mM Put significantly increased the endogenous total free-PA and free-Put levels in shoots compared with the control (no Put). A comparative proteomic analysis of shoots indicated that 2.5 mM Put significantly changed the abundance of proteins, primarily metabolic and cellular proteins associated with stress and energy processes such as cell division. These results show that Put functions in endogenous PA metabolism and alters protein abundance, thereby contributing to shoot development in C. fissilis.
Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2017
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