Poplar fungi canker is a disease that constitutes a serious threat to the poplar plant, a model tree in forest research. The control of this disease by use of chemical fumigants is associated with unwanted side effects such as environmental pollution and drug resistance. However, poplar canker can be effectively controlled with fengycin, an environmentally friendly bio-surfactant of microbial origin. Fengycin homologues are a series of lipopeptides with variations in both the length and branching of the β-hydroxy fatty acid. This study was aimed at purifying and characterizing fengycin homologues produced by Bacillus subtilis from poplar wood bark. A total of 13 fengycin homologues were obtained through 70% ammonium sulfate precipitation, methanol extraction, ion exchange chromatography, gel filtration chromatography, and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Electro-spray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and electro-spray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) were employed to elucidate the chemical structures of these compounds, and the structures were further characterized by amino acid analysis. Thirteen (13) of the active compounds were fengycin A or B homologues. All the 13 homologues exhibited antifungal activity against the indicator strain Botryosphaeria dothidea. This finding is considered significant, in that it is the first report on the production of so many fengycin homologues and isomers by Bacillus subtilis. Thus, B. subtilis from poplar wood bark is a rich source of environment-friendly, anti-microbial agents for control of poplar canker.
Australasian Plant Pathology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 23, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera