Purification and Characterization of a Novel Chemorepellent Receptor from Tetrahymena thermophila

Purification and Characterization of a Novel Chemorepellent Receptor from Tetrahymena thermophila Chemosensory transduction and adaptation are important aspects of signal transduction mechanisms in many cell types, ranging from prokaryotes to differentiated tissues such as neurons. The eukaryotic ciliated protozoan, Tetrahymena thermophila, is capable of responding to both chemoattractants (O'Neill et al., 1985; Leick, 1992; Kohidai, Karsa & Csaba, 1994, 1995) and chemorepellents (Francis & Hennessey, 1995; Kuruvilla, Kim & Hennessey, 1997). An example of a nontoxic, depolarizing chemorepellent in Tetrahymena is extracellular lysozyme (Francis & Hennessey, 1995; Hennessey, Kim & Satir, 1995). Lysozyme is an effective chemorepellent at micromolar concentrations, binds to a single class of externally facing membrane receptors and prolonged exposure (10 min) produces specific chemosensory adaptation (Kuruvilla et al., 1997). We now show that this lysozyme response is initiated by a depolarizing chemoreceptor potential in Tetrahymena and we have purified the membrane lysozyme receptor by affinity chromatography of solubilized Tetrahymena membrane proteins. The solubilized, purified protein is 42 kD and it exhibits saturable, high affinity lysozyme binding. Polyclonal antibodies raised against this 42 kD receptor block the in vivo lysozyme chemoresponse. This is not only the first time that a chemoreceptor potential has been recorded from Tetrahymena but also the first time that a chemorepellent receptor has been purified from any unicellular eukaryote. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Purification and Characterization of a Novel Chemorepellent Receptor from Tetrahymena thermophila

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900341
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Chemosensory transduction and adaptation are important aspects of signal transduction mechanisms in many cell types, ranging from prokaryotes to differentiated tissues such as neurons. The eukaryotic ciliated protozoan, Tetrahymena thermophila, is capable of responding to both chemoattractants (O'Neill et al., 1985; Leick, 1992; Kohidai, Karsa & Csaba, 1994, 1995) and chemorepellents (Francis & Hennessey, 1995; Kuruvilla, Kim & Hennessey, 1997). An example of a nontoxic, depolarizing chemorepellent in Tetrahymena is extracellular lysozyme (Francis & Hennessey, 1995; Hennessey, Kim & Satir, 1995). Lysozyme is an effective chemorepellent at micromolar concentrations, binds to a single class of externally facing membrane receptors and prolonged exposure (10 min) produces specific chemosensory adaptation (Kuruvilla et al., 1997). We now show that this lysozyme response is initiated by a depolarizing chemoreceptor potential in Tetrahymena and we have purified the membrane lysozyme receptor by affinity chromatography of solubilized Tetrahymena membrane proteins. The solubilized, purified protein is 42 kD and it exhibits saturable, high affinity lysozyme binding. Polyclonal antibodies raised against this 42 kD receptor block the in vivo lysozyme chemoresponse. This is not only the first time that a chemoreceptor potential has been recorded from Tetrahymena but also the first time that a chemorepellent receptor has been purified from any unicellular eukaryote.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 1998

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