Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 39, No. 6, 2003, p. 719. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 39, No. 6, 2003, p. 863. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by the Editorial Board. CHRONICLE Pulat Dzhuraevich Usmanov (1935–2002) The world genetic community suffered an irrepara- of ionizing radiation on the mutation process in natural ble loss: one of the most renowned geneticists of Tajiki- Arabidopsis populations from the area affected by the stan and the CIS countries, Academician of the Tajik Chernobyl meltdown. In total, Usmanov published Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Biology, Professor approximately 250 works both in his country and Pulat Dzhuraevich Usmanov died at 68 years of age abroad. after a prolonged illness. Usmanov gave considerable attention and energy to Usmanov was born on May 7, 1935 in the town of teaching, which he believed to be one of the most Kanibadam, the former Tajik SSR. His whole career important duties of every scientists. For three decades was associated with the Tajik Academy of Sciences. He he lectured in universities and trained young research- graduated from the Tajik State University in 1959 and ers. Under his guidance, ten researchers prepared and passed a long way from the position of a senior labora- successfully defended candidate dissertations. tory assistant in the Institute of Botany to that of the Organization of genetic research was another focus Head of the Department of Genetics in the Tajik Acad- of Usmanov’s activity. He was an active member of the emy of Sciences. governing organs of the Vavilov Society of Geneticists Having received general biological education at the and Breeders and its autonomous section, the Tajik university, from 1961 to 1965 Usmanov specialized in Society of Geneticists and Breeders. Throughout the genetics and cytogenetics in research institutes of the years of research and teaching, Usmanov always Urals and the town of Obninsk under the guidance of attended main genetic meetings, conferences, sympo- famous geneticists N.V. Timofeeff-Ressovsky, N.V. Luch- sia, and seminars. nik, and L.S. Tsarapkin. Communication with these prominent researchers Being variously gifted, Usmanov left a rich photo- graph collection, which highlights the live of prominent inﬂuenced Usmanov’s scientiﬁc interests and work in plant genetics. Usmanov studied radiation genetics, biologists and includes portraits, sketches, and land- plant cytogenetics, and genetics of photosynthesis, scapes. Beautiful photographs taken by him were including the function of the photosynthetic system at included in numerous books, collections, and albums. various levels: molecular, ontogenetic, population, and Many works of Pulat Dzhuraevich were carried out biospherical. His well-known works focused on muta- in cooperation with his wife, Olga Vladimirovna tion-dependent variation and biochemical genetics of Usmanova. She was always his faithful friend, assis- Arabidopsis, genetics of cotton, and ecological genet- tant, and colleague. Their sons took other paths in life, ics. Usmanov collected numerous Arabidopsis mutants, yet the family remained united and close-knit even and his collection was for a long time maintained at the when the children grew up and became independent. Siya-Kukh highland station. On the basis of this Arabi- dopsis collection, original genetic test systems were Pulat Dzhuraevich Usmanov’s name is forever put constructed and used to evaluate the genetic conse- into the annals of our (Soviet, Tajik, and Russian) sci- quences of environmental pollution. Another widely ence as that of a gifted researcher and a trustworthy col- known series of Usmanov’s articles considers the effect league. 1022-7954/03/3906-0719$25.00 © 2003 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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