An investigation of dispersed liquid–liquid two-phase turbulent swirling flow in a horizontal pipe is conducted using a particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) technique and a shadow image technique (SIT). Silicone oil with a low specific gravity is used as immiscible droplets. A swirling motion is given to the main flow by an impeller installed in the pipe. Fluorescent tracer particles are applied to flow visualization. Red/green/blue components extracted from color images taken with a digital color CCD camera are used to simultaneously estimate the liquid and droplet velocity vectors. Under a relatively low swirl motion, a large number of droplets with low specific gravity tend to accumulate in the central region of the pipe. With increasing droplet volume fraction, the liquid turbulence intensity in the axial direction increases while that in the wall-normal direction decreases in the central region of the pipe. In addition, the turbulence modification in the present flow is strongly dependent on the droplet Reynolds number; however, the interaction of droplet-induced turbulences is significant due to vortex shedding, particularly at high droplet Reynolds numbers and higher droplet volume fraction.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: May 24, 2007
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