PTK, the chloroplast RNA polymerase-associated protein kinase from mustard (Sinapis alba), mediates redox control of plastid in vitro transcription§

PTK, the chloroplast RNA polymerase-associated protein kinase from mustard (Sinapis alba),... The major RNA polymerase from mustard chloroplasts is a multi-subunit enzyme consisting of core components and associated factors. Among the latter is a heterotrimeric factor named PTK (plastid transcription kinase) because of its serine/threonine-type protein kinase activity. PTK activity itself depends on its phosphorylation state. In addition, we show that it responds to glutathione but not to other redox-reactive reagents that were tested, and both glutathione and phosphorylation act antagonistically. Using a homologous in vitro system, we find that PTK selectively phosphorylates subunit(s) of plastid RNA polymerase and is involved in determining the level of faithful transcription from the chloroplast psbA promoter. Together, these results establish a role for phosphorylation and redox state in the regulation of plastid gene expression. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

PTK, the chloroplast RNA polymerase-associated protein kinase from mustard (Sinapis alba), mediates redox control of plastid in vitro transcription§

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006177807844
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The major RNA polymerase from mustard chloroplasts is a multi-subunit enzyme consisting of core components and associated factors. Among the latter is a heterotrimeric factor named PTK (plastid transcription kinase) because of its serine/threonine-type protein kinase activity. PTK activity itself depends on its phosphorylation state. In addition, we show that it responds to glutathione but not to other redox-reactive reagents that were tested, and both glutathione and phosphorylation act antagonistically. Using a homologous in vitro system, we find that PTK selectively phosphorylates subunit(s) of plastid RNA polymerase and is involved in determining the level of faithful transcription from the chloroplast psbA promoter. Together, these results establish a role for phosphorylation and redox state in the regulation of plastid gene expression.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 19, 2004

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