PSYCHOSOCIAL REHABILITATION FOR THE MENTALLY DISABLED: WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED? Martin Gittelman With the advent of psychotropic medication and community-based care and treatment of people with mental illness, there has been a rapid growth in interest in psychosocial rehabilitation. Testi- mony to this was the first international conference on psychoso- cial rehabilitation, initiated by the International Committee Against Mental Illness and held in Helsinki in 1971 . That conference set forth the broad outlines of what is required to help more of the mentally disabled, throughout the world, to live in their communities. It was followed by formation of the World As- sociation for Psychosocial Rehabilitation (WAPR), which in April 1996 held its fifth biennial conference in Rotterdam, the Neth- erlands. In addition, WAPR, the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Labour Office (ILO), and other inter- national agencies have sponsored, in various parts of the world, a series of advanced institutes designed to familiarize senior-level health professionals with methods of organization and current research in psychosocial rehabilitation. These institutes have en- couraged the establishment of pilot, community-based treatment and rehabilitation programs for the mentally ill. My intent here is to review critically some of the main trends in
Psychiatric Quarterly – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 14, 2004
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