Psychosocial Impact of Facial Paralysis

Psychosocial Impact of Facial Paralysis Purpose of Review The aim of this review was to identify the relevant literature characterizing the psychosocial impact of facial paralysis from societal and patient perspectives. Recent Findings Facial paralysis results in a measurable attentional distraction for casual observers and significantly penalizes social perceptions with patients appearing less attractive, having a more negative affect, and lower quality of life compared to individuals without facial paralysis. Furthermore, facial paralysis causes patients to have lower self-esteem, higher rates of depression, increased anxiety, and reduced quality of life, especially in female patients. Facial paralysis impairs facial expression recognition for both observers and patients resulting in a facial feedback mechanism that negatively affecting patients’ emotions. Summary Patients with facial paralysis suffer from impaired social interactions, disruption of self-concept, psychological dis- tress, and decreased overall quality of life. Additional studies are required to better understand ability of patients to cope and the psychosocial benefit of treatment strategies. . . . . . Keywords Facial paralysis Psychosocial heath Quality of life Self-concept Social perceptions Psychological distress Introduction The social prejudice against individuals with facial de- formity spans both culture and time [3]. From the King of The human face serves as an important tool in http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports Springer Journals

Psychosocial Impact of Facial Paralysis

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Otorhinolaryngology
eISSN
2167-583X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40136-018-0196-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review The aim of this review was to identify the relevant literature characterizing the psychosocial impact of facial paralysis from societal and patient perspectives. Recent Findings Facial paralysis results in a measurable attentional distraction for casual observers and significantly penalizes social perceptions with patients appearing less attractive, having a more negative affect, and lower quality of life compared to individuals without facial paralysis. Furthermore, facial paralysis causes patients to have lower self-esteem, higher rates of depression, increased anxiety, and reduced quality of life, especially in female patients. Facial paralysis impairs facial expression recognition for both observers and patients resulting in a facial feedback mechanism that negatively affecting patients’ emotions. Summary Patients with facial paralysis suffer from impaired social interactions, disruption of self-concept, psychological dis- tress, and decreased overall quality of life. Additional studies are required to better understand ability of patients to cope and the psychosocial benefit of treatment strategies. . . . . . Keywords Facial paralysis Psychosocial heath Quality of life Self-concept Social perceptions Psychological distress Introduction The social prejudice against individuals with facial de- formity spans both culture and time [3]. From the King of The human face serves as an important tool in

Journal

Current Otorhinolaryngology ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

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