The mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the pharaonic potsherds from two archeological sites (Qantir and Tall San Al Hagr), Sharkiya Governorate, Egypt, have been investigated to infer their paleoweathering, provenance, and tectonic setting. The pharaonic pottery materials are classified mainly as Fe-shale. The mineralogy determined by X-ray diffractometry for the pharaonic pottery materials reveals that smectite and illite are the dominant clay minerals and smectite > illite. The non-clay minerals are dominated by feldspar (plagioclase and microcline), quartz with minor amounts of calcite, iron oxides (magnetite and goethite), and mica (muscovite). The chemical index of alteration (CIA), plagioclase index of alteration (PIA), and chemical index of weathering (CIW) values indicate moderate degree of weathering of the source material in a semiarid climate. The index of compositional variability (ICV) of pharaonic pottery materials is more than 1, suggesting it is compositionally less mature. The major and trace element concentrations suggested that the pharaonic pottery materials were likely derived from felsic (granitic) sources and deposited in passive continental margin of a synrift basin. The inferred tectonic setting for the pharaonic pottery materials in Sharkiya Governorate is in agreement with the tectonic evolutionary history of the north Nile Delta, Egypt, during Oligocene-post Pliocene.
Arabian Journal of Geosciences – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 14, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera