Protons Activate Homomeric Kir6.2 Channels by Selective Suppression of the Long and Intermediate Closures

Protons Activate Homomeric Kir6.2 Channels by Selective Suppression of the Long and Intermediate... The ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP) play an important role in regulating membrane excitability. These channels are regulated by H+ in addition to ATP, ADP, and phospholipids. To understand how protons affect the single-channel properties, Kir6.2DC36 currents were studied in excised inside-out patches. We chose to study the homomeric Kir6.2 channel with 36 amino acids deleted at the C-terminal end, as there are ADP/ATP-binding sites in the SUR subunit, which may obscure the understanding of the channel-gating process. In the absence of ATP, moderate intracellular acidosis (pH 6.8) augmented Popen with small suppression (by ~10%) of the single-channel conductance. The long and intermediate closures were selectively inhibited, leading to a shortening of the mean closed time without significant changes in the mean open time. Stronger acidification (<pH6.2) caused channel rundown. Although similar changes in the single-channel properties were observed in the presence of 1 mM ATP, the Popen-pH relationship curve was shifted by 0.17 pH units toward lower pH levels. ATP had no effect on the inhibition of single-channel conductance during acidosis. Mutation of His175 eliminated the pH effect on the single-channel kinetics, while the single-channel response to acidic pH was retained in the K185E mutant that greatly reduces the ATP sensitivity. These results indicate that Kir6.2DC36 channel gating by protons and ATP relies on two distinct mechanisms opposite to each other, although the pH sensitivity is modulated by ATP. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Protons Activate Homomeric Kir6.2 Channels by Selective Suppression of the Long and Intermediate Closures

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial