The protein composition of the outer (OM) and cytoplasmic (CM) membranes of the cell envelope of the psychrotolerant marine bacterium Shewanella frigidimarina Pi 2-35, which was isolated from a sample of sea ice from the Amur Bay (Sea of Japan), was analyzed using SDS-PAGE. The cell envelope of this microorganism has been found to contain high molecular weight proteins, cytochromes, which were extracted with detergents of different types. It is shown that the composition of the CM of S. frigidimarina Pi 2-35 does not depend on the cultivation temperature. Proteins with a molecular weight (MW) within the range of 30–50 kDa, which is characteristic for nonspecific porins of terrestrial Gram-negative bacteria, were detected only in the OM of bacteria that were cultivated at a low temperature (6–8°C). Two porin-like proteins, PZW (MW 40 kDa) and PLYS (MW 34.5 kDa), were isolated from the OM by extraction with the 0.5% non-ionic detergent Zwittergent 3-14 and by digestion of the peptidoglycan layer of the cell envelope with lysozyme, respectively. The use of the bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) technique showed that both proteins exhibit a pore-forming activity. The efficiency of channel formation and the pattern of fluctuations of current in the BLM indicate that the isolated porins are not identical in their functional properties.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 8, 2016
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