Protein composition of the cell envelope of the bacterium Shewanella frigidimarina Pi 2-35 (Gammaproteobacteria: Shewanellaceae)

Protein composition of the cell envelope of the bacterium Shewanella frigidimarina Pi 2-35... The protein composition of the outer (OM) and cytoplasmic (CM) membranes of the cell envelope of the psychrotolerant marine bacterium Shewanella frigidimarina Pi 2-35, which was isolated from a sample of sea ice from the Amur Bay (Sea of Japan), was analyzed using SDS-PAGE. The cell envelope of this microorganism has been found to contain high molecular weight proteins, cytochromes, which were extracted with detergents of different types. It is shown that the composition of the CM of S. frigidimarina Pi 2-35 does not depend on the cultivation temperature. Proteins with a molecular weight (MW) within the range of 30–50 kDa, which is characteristic for nonspecific porins of terrestrial Gram-negative bacteria, were detected only in the OM of bacteria that were cultivated at a low temperature (6–8°C). Two porin-like proteins, PZW (MW 40 kDa) and PLYS (MW 34.5 kDa), were isolated from the OM by extraction with the 0.5% non-ionic detergent Zwittergent 3-14 and by digestion of the peptidoglycan layer of the cell envelope with lysozyme, respectively. The use of the bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) technique showed that both proteins exhibit a pore-forming activity. The efficiency of channel formation and the pattern of fluctuations of current in the BLM indicate that the isolated porins are not identical in their functional properties. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Protein composition of the cell envelope of the bacterium Shewanella frigidimarina Pi 2-35 (Gammaproteobacteria: Shewanellaceae)

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074016010107
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The protein composition of the outer (OM) and cytoplasmic (CM) membranes of the cell envelope of the psychrotolerant marine bacterium Shewanella frigidimarina Pi 2-35, which was isolated from a sample of sea ice from the Amur Bay (Sea of Japan), was analyzed using SDS-PAGE. The cell envelope of this microorganism has been found to contain high molecular weight proteins, cytochromes, which were extracted with detergents of different types. It is shown that the composition of the CM of S. frigidimarina Pi 2-35 does not depend on the cultivation temperature. Proteins with a molecular weight (MW) within the range of 30–50 kDa, which is characteristic for nonspecific porins of terrestrial Gram-negative bacteria, were detected only in the OM of bacteria that were cultivated at a low temperature (6–8°C). Two porin-like proteins, PZW (MW 40 kDa) and PLYS (MW 34.5 kDa), were isolated from the OM by extraction with the 0.5% non-ionic detergent Zwittergent 3-14 and by digestion of the peptidoglycan layer of the cell envelope with lysozyme, respectively. The use of the bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) technique showed that both proteins exhibit a pore-forming activity. The efficiency of channel formation and the pattern of fluctuations of current in the BLM indicate that the isolated porins are not identical in their functional properties.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 8, 2016

References

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