Protein complexes binding to cis elements of the plant histone gene promoters: multiplicity, phosphorylation and cell cycle alteration

Protein complexes binding to cis elements of the plant histone gene promoters: multiplicity,... The S phase-specific expression of histone genes provides an interesting model for studying activation of gene transcription during the cell cycle. In plants, however, trans-acting factors responsible for histone gene transcription are poorly documented. Using combined gel shift, UV cross-linking and competition analysis, we carried out a systematic study to identify and characterize proteins binding with the previously established cis elements of the plant histone gene promoters. Nuclear extracts prepared from the highly synchronizable tobacco BY2 cells were used. We confirmed the presence of proteins binding to the hexamer (ACGTCA) motif which has been previously identified as the binding site of wheat HBP-1 proteins. Interestingly, multiple proteins were found to bind specifically with the nonamer (CAATCCAAC) element and their DNA-binding activity was abolished upon in vitro protein phosphatase treatment. This later result imply phosphorylation/dephosphorylation as a potential post-translational control for DNA-binding activity of nonamer-binding proteins. In addition, the DNA-binding activity of these nonamer-binding proteins was found to be positively correlated with the S phase-specific expression of the histone genes in the synchronized cells, suggesting their function in the activation of transcription during the G1/S transition. Finally, several proteins were observed to bind specifically with an A/T-rich hexamer (TAATAT) motif. Their DNA-binding activity, however, was insensitive to phosphatase activity in vitro and relatively constitutive during the cell cycle. This A/T-rich hexamer as a new cis-acting element of plant histone genes is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Protein complexes binding to cis elements of the plant histone gene promoters: multiplicity, phosphorylation and cell cycle alteration

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/protein-complexes-binding-to-cis-elements-of-the-plant-histone-gene-7NSjL4mbch
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1005797104536
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The S phase-specific expression of histone genes provides an interesting model for studying activation of gene transcription during the cell cycle. In plants, however, trans-acting factors responsible for histone gene transcription are poorly documented. Using combined gel shift, UV cross-linking and competition analysis, we carried out a systematic study to identify and characterize proteins binding with the previously established cis elements of the plant histone gene promoters. Nuclear extracts prepared from the highly synchronizable tobacco BY2 cells were used. We confirmed the presence of proteins binding to the hexamer (ACGTCA) motif which has been previously identified as the binding site of wheat HBP-1 proteins. Interestingly, multiple proteins were found to bind specifically with the nonamer (CAATCCAAC) element and their DNA-binding activity was abolished upon in vitro protein phosphatase treatment. This later result imply phosphorylation/dephosphorylation as a potential post-translational control for DNA-binding activity of nonamer-binding proteins. In addition, the DNA-binding activity of these nonamer-binding proteins was found to be positively correlated with the S phase-specific expression of the histone genes in the synchronized cells, suggesting their function in the activation of transcription during the G1/S transition. Finally, several proteins were observed to bind specifically with an A/T-rich hexamer (TAATAT) motif. Their DNA-binding activity, however, was insensitive to phosphatase activity in vitro and relatively constitutive during the cell cycle. This A/T-rich hexamer as a new cis-acting element of plant histone genes is discussed.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off