The S phase-specific expression of histone genes provides an interesting model for studying activation of gene transcription during the cell cycle. In plants, however, trans-acting factors responsible for histone gene transcription are poorly documented. Using combined gel shift, UV cross-linking and competition analysis, we carried out a systematic study to identify and characterize proteins binding with the previously established cis elements of the plant histone gene promoters. Nuclear extracts prepared from the highly synchronizable tobacco BY2 cells were used. We confirmed the presence of proteins binding to the hexamer (ACGTCA) motif which has been previously identified as the binding site of wheat HBP-1 proteins. Interestingly, multiple proteins were found to bind specifically with the nonamer (CAATCCAAC) element and their DNA-binding activity was abolished upon in vitro protein phosphatase treatment. This later result imply phosphorylation/dephosphorylation as a potential post-translational control for DNA-binding activity of nonamer-binding proteins. In addition, the DNA-binding activity of these nonamer-binding proteins was found to be positively correlated with the S phase-specific expression of the histone genes in the synchronized cells, suggesting their function in the activation of transcription during the G1/S transition. Finally, several proteins were observed to bind specifically with an A/T-rich hexamer (TAATAT) motif. Their DNA-binding activity, however, was insensitive to phosphatase activity in vitro and relatively constitutive during the cell cycle. This A/T-rich hexamer as a new cis-acting element of plant histone genes is discussed.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 29, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera