Vaccination of the susceptible livestock with potent, safe and cost effective vaccine is the primary requirement to control foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in an endemic country. In this study, an alternative approach was used in which structural protein genes of all the four serotypes of FMDV (O, Asia 1, A 22 and C) were expressed separately in methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris . The recombinant polyproteins (P1) were characterized by SDS-PAGE and in Western Blot analysis. Partially purified protein was used for immunization in guinea pigs with different adjuvant formulations and immune response studied. Ninety micrograms of the recombinant protein per monovalent dose was used for immunization. A single injection of a monovalent or polyvalent vaccine was given to guinea pigs with various adjuvant combinations viz., Monovalent recombinant protein either adjuvanted with Montanide-ISA50V or Indigenous oil, Monovalent recombinant protein mixed with 1/10 th dose of inactivated oil-adjuvanted virus vaccine and Polyvalent recombinant protein with Montanide ISA50V. FMDV specific humoral immune response was observed at about 28 th day post vaccination. The immune response as assessed by indirect ELISA and Serum neutralization test titres was found to be 320–640 and 16–32, respectively. When challenged with virulent homologous type ‘O’ virus, the guinea pigs showed protective C index of 2.01,1.81, 2.56 and 2.48, respectively, with above said adjuvant combinations. The study has shown that yeast-expressed FMDV P1 polyprotein in a single dose could elicit a protective immune response in guinea pigs, and this could be a possible future vaccine candidate in homologous host.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: May 1, 2005
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