The mechanisms of the protective, immunostimulating effects of arachidonic acid (AA) were studied, and its efficiency in the induction of defense reactions in the moderately virus-resistant potato cultivar Nevskii (Solanum tuberosumL.) was determined. Virus-free in vitropotato plants treated with AA and inoculated with phytopathogenic viruses were used as a model. The data on the X virus accumulation obtained by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay confirmed the immunizing effect of AA; the optimum concentration of the compound was 10–8M. The antiviral effect of AA was maintained in infected in vitropotato plants for at least two or three weeks. The electrophoretic analysis of leaf proteins revealed a 33-kD polypeptide induced by the potato virus Y. Two weeks after inoculation with virus X, a 40-kD protein was identified in potato plants pretreated with AA. In addition, the relative content of the two groups of proteins consisting of two or three components with mol wts about 50 kD and above70 kD changed both upon viral infection and pretreatment with AA. Only small changes in the isozyme patterns of peroxidase in potato plants were observed during the development of systemic acquired resistance; they were manifested in some treatments in the band intensities. The existence of the alternative pathways of systemic acquired resistance in potato plants specifically activated by viral infection and AA was suggested.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2004
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