This article presents a novel protection approach using Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS). This strategy provides protection at the Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) layer, meaning that all Internet Protocol Label-Switched Path (IP LSPs) nested inside a lightpath are protected in an aggregated way. It uses resources efficiently since spare capacity of working primary lightpaths can be used for backup purposes whenever necessary. The IP and WDM layers are treated together as a single integrated network from a control plane point of view, so that network state information from both layers can be used. Besides discussing the strategy proposed and the key features of GMPLS that will allow its implementation, we mathematically formulate the maximum throughput problem. Thereafter, we propose and compare heuristic algorithms for IP-over-WDM networks using three protection approaches: WDM lightpath protection, IP LSP protection, and the proposed protection scheme. Their throughputs and recovery times are analyzed and compared. Our results show that, for a representative mesh network, the proposed aggregated protection scheme presents better protection efficiency and good scalability properties when compared with the other two schemes.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 20, 2005
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