Protection from Cell Death by mcl-1 Is Mediated by Membrane Hyperpolarization Induced By K+ Channel Activation

Protection from Cell Death by mcl-1 Is Mediated by Membrane Hyperpolarization Induced By K+... Mcl-1, a member of the Bcl-2 family, has been identified as an inhibitor of apoptosis induced by anticancer agents and radiation in myeloblastic leukemia cells. The molecular mechanism underlying this phenomenon, however, is not yet understood. In the present study, we report that hyperpolarization of the membrane potential is required for prevention of mcl-1 mediated cell death in murine myeloblastic FDC-P1 cells. In cells transfected with mcl-1, the membrane potential, measured by the whole-cell patch clamp, was hyperpolarized more than −30 mV compared with control cells. The membrane potential was repolarized by increased extracellular K+ concentration (56 mV per 10-fold change in K+ concentration). Using the cell-attached patch-clamp technique, K+ channel activity was 1.7 times higher in mcl-1 transfected cells (NP o = 22.7 ± 3.3%) than control cells (NP o = 13.2 ± 1.9%). Viabilities of control and mcl-1 transfected cells after treatment with the cytotoxin etoposide (20 μg/ml), were 37.9 ± 3.9% and 78.2 ± 2.0%, respectively. Suppression of K+ channel activity by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) before etoposide treatment significantly reduced the viability of mcl-1 transfected cells to 49.0 ± 4.6%. These results indicate that as part of the prevention of cell death, mcl-1 causes a hyperpolarization of membrane potential through activation of K+ channel activity. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Protection from Cell Death by mcl-1 Is Mediated by Membrane Hyperpolarization Induced By K+ Channel Activation

Loading next page...
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial