Prospects for the use of sulfated polysaccharides from brown seaweeds as vaccine adjuvants

Prospects for the use of sulfated polysaccharides from brown seaweeds as vaccine adjuvants The data from the Russian and foreign literature on the effects of brown seaweed-derived sulfated polysaccharides (fucoidans) used as potential vaccine adjuvants to enhance the anti-infection and anti-tumor immune response are discussed in the present review. Due to their low toxicity, high biocompatibility, safety, and good tolerability by macroorganisms, as well as their mechanisms of immunomodulatory activity, fucoidans can be considered as promising adjuvants to administer in the composition of prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines. Fucoidans are agonists to receptors of innate immunity and are potent inducers of the cellular and humoral immune response, which is an important factor to be taken into account in the development of vaccines against various pathogens, including viruses, as well as anti-tumor vaccines. The results of numerous studies in which sulfated polysaccharides were tested as components of experimental vaccines, as presented in this review, show that these substances can be used as safe and effective adjuvants. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Prospects for the use of sulfated polysaccharides from brown seaweeds as vaccine adjuvants

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074016060055
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The data from the Russian and foreign literature on the effects of brown seaweed-derived sulfated polysaccharides (fucoidans) used as potential vaccine adjuvants to enhance the anti-infection and anti-tumor immune response are discussed in the present review. Due to their low toxicity, high biocompatibility, safety, and good tolerability by macroorganisms, as well as their mechanisms of immunomodulatory activity, fucoidans can be considered as promising adjuvants to administer in the composition of prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines. Fucoidans are agonists to receptors of innate immunity and are potent inducers of the cellular and humoral immune response, which is an important factor to be taken into account in the development of vaccines against various pathogens, including viruses, as well as anti-tumor vaccines. The results of numerous studies in which sulfated polysaccharides were tested as components of experimental vaccines, as presented in this review, show that these substances can be used as safe and effective adjuvants.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 21, 2017

References

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