Background Esophageal strictures resulting from caustic ingestion in children are usually difficult to be managed, and sur - gical replacement is usually required for cases refractory to frequent dilatation sessions. Topical Mitomycin C (MMC) has been recently used in the management of resistant strictures. We evaluated the efficacy of MMC application in treatment of long refractory caustic esophageal strictures. Methods This prospective study included 120 patients of both sexes with refractory caustic long esophageal strictures (> 3 cm in length). All patients were randomly divided into two equal groups using the research randomizer program (1:1 randomization), group I underwent endoscopic dilatation therapy only and group II underwent dilatation with topical appli- cation of MMC. Follow-up was done regularly by assessing the dysphagia score and patients were evaluated after 6 months of management. The procedure was repeated four times with 2-week intervals. Complete relieve of symptoms (dysphagia score = 0) was assessed after the follow-up period. Results The complete cure was detected in 81.6% of patients in the MMC group compared to only 40% in the first group, p-value < 0.0001. During the follow-up, the average sessions of dilatation needed in group II were 3.25 ± 2.78 compared to 6.25 ±
Surgical Endoscopy – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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