Prospective study of the effect of topical application of Mitomycin C in refractory pediatric caustic esophageal strictures

Prospective study of the effect of topical application of Mitomycin C in refractory pediatric... Background Esophageal strictures resulting from caustic ingestion in children are usually difficult to be managed, and sur - gical replacement is usually required for cases refractory to frequent dilatation sessions. Topical Mitomycin C (MMC) has been recently used in the management of resistant strictures. We evaluated the efficacy of MMC application in treatment of long refractory caustic esophageal strictures. Methods This prospective study included 120 patients of both sexes with refractory caustic long esophageal strictures (> 3 cm in length). All patients were randomly divided into two equal groups using the research randomizer program (1:1 randomization), group I underwent endoscopic dilatation therapy only and group II underwent dilatation with topical appli- cation of MMC. Follow-up was done regularly by assessing the dysphagia score and patients were evaluated after 6 months of management. The procedure was repeated four times with 2-week intervals. Complete relieve of symptoms (dysphagia score = 0) was assessed after the follow-up period. Results The complete cure was detected in 81.6% of patients in the MMC group compared to only 40% in the first group, p-value < 0.0001. During the follow-up, the average sessions of dilatation needed in group II were 3.25 ± 2.78 compared to 6.25 ± http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Surgical Endoscopy Springer Journals

Prospective study of the effect of topical application of Mitomycin C in refractory pediatric caustic esophageal strictures

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Surgery; Gynecology; Gastroenterology; Hepatology; Proctology; Abdominal Surgery
ISSN
0930-2794
eISSN
1432-2218
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00464-018-6253-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Esophageal strictures resulting from caustic ingestion in children are usually difficult to be managed, and sur - gical replacement is usually required for cases refractory to frequent dilatation sessions. Topical Mitomycin C (MMC) has been recently used in the management of resistant strictures. We evaluated the efficacy of MMC application in treatment of long refractory caustic esophageal strictures. Methods This prospective study included 120 patients of both sexes with refractory caustic long esophageal strictures (> 3 cm in length). All patients were randomly divided into two equal groups using the research randomizer program (1:1 randomization), group I underwent endoscopic dilatation therapy only and group II underwent dilatation with topical appli- cation of MMC. Follow-up was done regularly by assessing the dysphagia score and patients were evaluated after 6 months of management. The procedure was repeated four times with 2-week intervals. Complete relieve of symptoms (dysphagia score = 0) was assessed after the follow-up period. Results The complete cure was detected in 81.6% of patients in the MMC group compared to only 40% in the first group, p-value < 0.0001. During the follow-up, the average sessions of dilatation needed in group II were 3.25 ± 2.78 compared to 6.25 ±

Journal

Surgical EndoscopySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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