Background Inguinal hernia repair via multi-trocar laparoscopy (MTL) has gained an increasing popularity worldwide. Single-incision laparoscopy (SIL) has been introduced to reduce the port-related complications and to improve the cosmetic results. The authors report a prospective randomized study comparing SIL versus MTL totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. Methods Between January 2013 and May 2015, 113 versus 97 patients were prospectively randomized between SILTEP and MTLTEP. Perioperative, short-term, and mid-term outcomes have been assessed. The primary endpoint was the mid-term outcomes (late postoperative complications, late inguinal hernia recurrence, surgical and cosmetic satisfactions). Second- ary endpoints were perioperative outcomes (operative time, mesh fixation, operative complications, postoperative pain, and hospital stay) and short-term outcomes (early postoperative complications, early inguinal hernia recurrence, and days to return to normal activities). Results After a mean follow-up of 27 ± 8 months, a statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of mean operative time for both unilateral and bilateral inguinal hernia repair (p = 0.016; p = 0.039) and cosmetic satisfaction (p = 0.003). Conclusion Perioperative, short-term, and mid-term outcomes were comparable between the two groups. At 2-year follow- up, a significant shorter operative time after MTLTEP and a greater cosmetic satisfaction
Surgical Endoscopy – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 23, 2018
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