Properties of synchronous spontaneous Ca2+ transients in the mural cells of rat rectal arterioles

Properties of synchronous spontaneous Ca2+ transients in the mural cells of rat rectal arterioles Synchrony of spontaneous Ca2+ transients among venular mural cells (smooth muscle cells and pericytes) in visceral organs relies on the intercellular spread of L-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel (LVDCC)-dependent depolarisations. However, the mechanisms underlying the synchrony of spontaneous Ca2+ transients between arteriolar mural cells are less understood. The spontaneous intracellular Ca2+ dynamics of arteriolar mural cells in the rat rectal submucosa were visualised by Cal-520 Ca2+ imaging to analyse their synchrony. The mural cells in fine arterioles that had a rounded cell body with several extended processes developed spontaneous ‘synchronous’ Ca2+ transients arising from Ca2+ released from sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores. Gap junction blockers (3 μM carbenoxolone, 10 μM 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid), a Ca2+-activated Cl− channel (CaCC) blocker (100 μM 4,4′-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid) or lowering extracellular Cl− concentration (from 134.4 to 12.4 mM) disrupted the synchrony of Ca2+ transients between arteriolar mural cells. Blockers of T-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (TVDCCs, 1 μM mibefradil or ML218) or LVDCCs (1 μM nifedipine) reduced the Ca2+ transient frequency or their area under curve (AUC), respectively. However, neither TVDCC nor LVDCC blockers disrupted the synchrony of Ca2+ transients among arteriolar mural cells. This is in contrast with rectal venules in which nifedipine disrupted the synchrony of spontaneous Ca2+ transients. Thus, spontaneous transient depolarisations arising from the opening of CaCCs may effectively spread to neighbouring arteriolar mural cells via gap junctions to maintain the Ca2+ transient synchrony. Activation of TVDCCs appears to accelerate spontaneous Ca2+ transients, while LVDCCs predominantly contribute to the duration of Ca2+ transients. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology Springer Journals

Properties of synchronous spontaneous Ca2+ transients in the mural cells of rat rectal arterioles

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/properties-of-synchronous-spontaneous-ca2-transients-in-the-mural-vIZPbbdsQp
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Physiology; Molecular Medicine; Neurosciences; Cell Biology; Receptors
ISSN
0031-6768
eISSN
1432-2013
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00424-017-1978-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial