We prepared Pd catalysts supported on various metal oxides, viz. γ-Al2O3, α-Al2O3, SiO2–Al2O3, SiO2, CeO2 and TiO2 by an incipient wetness method and applied them to propane combustion. Several techniques: N2 physisorption, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), CO chemisorption, temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) and temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) were employed to characterize the catalysts. Pd/SiO2–Al2O3 showed the least catalytic activity at high temperatures among Pd catalysts supported on irreducible metal oxides, viz. SiO2, Al2O3 and SiO2–Al2O3. Pd/γ-Al2O3 was much superior for this reaction to Pd/α-Al2O3. The Pd catalyst supported on reducible metal oxides (CeO2 and TiO2) with a less specific surface area showed the higher catalytic activity compared with that supported on reducible metal oxides with a higher specific surface area, even though the former had a less Pd dispersion than the latter. In the case of Pd/SiO2–Al2O3, the initially reduced Pd catalyst was superior to the fully oxidized one. The oxidation of metallic Pd occurred in the presence of O2 with increasing reaction temperature, which resulted in the change in the catalytic activity.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 10, 2010
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