Propane combustion over supported Pd catalysts

Propane combustion over supported Pd catalysts We prepared Pd catalysts supported on various metal oxides, viz. γ-Al2O3, α-Al2O3, SiO2–Al2O3, SiO2, CeO2 and TiO2 by an incipient wetness method and applied them to propane combustion. Several techniques: N2 physisorption, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), CO chemisorption, temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) and temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) were employed to characterize the catalysts. Pd/SiO2–Al2O3 showed the least catalytic activity at high temperatures among Pd catalysts supported on irreducible metal oxides, viz. SiO2, Al2O3 and SiO2–Al2O3. Pd/γ-Al2O3 was much superior for this reaction to Pd/α-Al2O3. The Pd catalyst supported on reducible metal oxides (CeO2 and TiO2) with a less specific surface area showed the higher catalytic activity compared with that supported on reducible metal oxides with a higher specific surface area, even though the former had a less Pd dispersion than the latter. In the case of Pd/SiO2–Al2O3, the initially reduced Pd catalyst was superior to the fully oxidized one. The oxidation of metallic Pd occurred in the presence of O2 with increasing reaction temperature, which resulted in the change in the catalytic activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Propane combustion over supported Pd catalysts

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry ; Catalysis
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-010-0178-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We prepared Pd catalysts supported on various metal oxides, viz. γ-Al2O3, α-Al2O3, SiO2–Al2O3, SiO2, CeO2 and TiO2 by an incipient wetness method and applied them to propane combustion. Several techniques: N2 physisorption, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), CO chemisorption, temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) and temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) were employed to characterize the catalysts. Pd/SiO2–Al2O3 showed the least catalytic activity at high temperatures among Pd catalysts supported on irreducible metal oxides, viz. SiO2, Al2O3 and SiO2–Al2O3. Pd/γ-Al2O3 was much superior for this reaction to Pd/α-Al2O3. The Pd catalyst supported on reducible metal oxides (CeO2 and TiO2) with a less specific surface area showed the higher catalytic activity compared with that supported on reducible metal oxides with a higher specific surface area, even though the former had a less Pd dispersion than the latter. In the case of Pd/SiO2–Al2O3, the initially reduced Pd catalyst was superior to the fully oxidized one. The oxidation of metallic Pd occurred in the presence of O2 with increasing reaction temperature, which resulted in the change in the catalytic activity.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 10, 2010

References

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