Prolonged Ethanol Ingestion Increases Renal AQP2 and AQP3 Expression in Adult Ratsand in Their Offspring

Prolonged Ethanol Ingestion Increases Renal AQP2 and AQP3 Expression in Adult Ratsand in Their... This study evaluates the effect of prolonged ethanol ingestion on the renal ability to concentrate urine. Suckling Wistar rats born to mothers given ethanol before and during gestation and suckling periods (ethanol-exposed offspring) were used and the results were compared with those obtained from offspring of dams given diets containing no ethanol. Comparisons were also made between progenitors with or without prolonged ethanol ingestion. Body and kidney weights; arginine-vasopressin (AVP) and aldosterone plasma levels; plasma, urine and renal papillary osmolality; urine outflow; kidney AQP2, AQP3 and AQP4 expression and diencephalon AVP mRNA expression were determined. As compared with control offspring, the ethanol-exposed offspring present i) lower body and kidney weights; ii) lower urine outflow; iii) higher renal AQP2 and AQP3 mRNA; iv) higher renal AQP2 protein content and v) higher urine and renal papillary osmolality. These changes were also observed in the ethanol-treated progenitors, although they were of smaller magnitude. Plasma osmolality, renal AQP4 mRNA, AVP plasma levels and diencephalon AVP mRNA expression were not affected by the ethanol treatment. Plasma levels of aldosterone were only significantly increased in the ethanol-exposed suckling rats. It is concluded that maternal ethanol ingestion before and during gestation and suckling periods affects the renal function of the offspring, up-regulating renal AQP2 expression by an AVP-independent mechanism. Ethanol-treated progenitors manifest similar renal changes, although of lesser magnitude than the offspring. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Prolonged Ethanol Ingestion Increases Renal AQP2 and AQP3 Expression in Adult Ratsand in Their Offspring

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Philosophy
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-004-0662-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study evaluates the effect of prolonged ethanol ingestion on the renal ability to concentrate urine. Suckling Wistar rats born to mothers given ethanol before and during gestation and suckling periods (ethanol-exposed offspring) were used and the results were compared with those obtained from offspring of dams given diets containing no ethanol. Comparisons were also made between progenitors with or without prolonged ethanol ingestion. Body and kidney weights; arginine-vasopressin (AVP) and aldosterone plasma levels; plasma, urine and renal papillary osmolality; urine outflow; kidney AQP2, AQP3 and AQP4 expression and diencephalon AVP mRNA expression were determined. As compared with control offspring, the ethanol-exposed offspring present i) lower body and kidney weights; ii) lower urine outflow; iii) higher renal AQP2 and AQP3 mRNA; iv) higher renal AQP2 protein content and v) higher urine and renal papillary osmolality. These changes were also observed in the ethanol-treated progenitors, although they were of smaller magnitude. Plasma osmolality, renal AQP4 mRNA, AVP plasma levels and diencephalon AVP mRNA expression were not affected by the ethanol treatment. Plasma levels of aldosterone were only significantly increased in the ethanol-exposed suckling rats. It is concluded that maternal ethanol ingestion before and during gestation and suckling periods affects the renal function of the offspring, up-regulating renal AQP2 expression by an AVP-independent mechanism. Ethanol-treated progenitors manifest similar renal changes, although of lesser magnitude than the offspring.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2004

References

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