Proline controls the level of polyamines in common sage plants under normal conditions and at UV-B irradiation

Proline controls the level of polyamines in common sage plants under normal conditions and at... Common sage (Salvia officinalis L.) plants grown in water culture to the stage of 4–5 true leaves were treated for 12, 24, 36, or 48 h with proline added to nutrient medium to a final concentration of 5 mM, or irradiated with UV-B light (12.3 kJ/m2 for 10 min), or subjected to combined action of these factors. In these plants, activity of proline dehydrogenase (PDH), the content of proline, and the contents of free and conjugated polyamines were determined in the leaves and roots. It was shown that, in control plants, the content of endogenous proline was close to zero. In the presence of proline in medium, its total content in the roots was 9 μmol/g fr wt in 12 h of exposure, whereas in the leaves the content of proline increased only in 24 h and achieved only 1 μmol/g fr wt. The content of free putrescine increased in the leaves and especially in the roots after 10-min irradiation with UV-B light. The biosynthesis of putrescine was induced in the presence of proline in medium and was observed earlier than after UV-B irradiation. UV-B irradiation affected not only the synthesis of putrescine but also that of spermidine and spermine; it also induced accumulation of their soluble conjugates. Exogenous proline enhanced putrescine synthesis but inhibited the formation of polyamine soluble conjugates. At combined treatment of the two factors, the content of free putrescine in the leaves displayed a tendency to the rise and in the roots, to the decrease. At the same time, the content of polyamine free conjugates increased in both leaves and roots. All these facts could be considered as an indirect indication of relationship between proline and polyamine biosyntheses. We can also state that an artificially created high proline concentration in common sage tissues characterized of its low constitutive level resulted in disturbances in the homeostasis of low-molecular cell metabolites and induced a requirement in its restoration by diverse ways. This agrees with activation of PDH, a key enzyme of proline degradation. Induction of polyamine biosynthesis and changes in the content of their soluble conjugates might be one of the ways for such restoration. Under stress conditions, the high proline concentration is not toxic for plants because polyamines and proline are the components of the plant defense system, thus weakening damaging effects of abiotic stressors. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Proline controls the level of polyamines in common sage plants under normal conditions and at UV-B irradiation

Loading next page...
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial