Proline and functioning of the antioxidant system in Thellungiella salsuginea plants and cultured cells subjected to oxidative stress

Proline and functioning of the antioxidant system in Thellungiella salsuginea plants and cultured... The effects of proline on the functioning of antioxidant enzymes — superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APO) — in Thellungiella salsuginea plants and cultured cells under normal conditions of culturing and under the influence of hydrogen peroxide (500 μM) were studied. Proline addition (0.2, 2, or 5 mM) to the medium for suspension culture or nutrient medium for plant growing resulted in the increase in the content of intracellular proline in both cultured cells and intact plant leaves and also in the activation of proline dehydrogenase, i.e., the enzyme degrading proline. Under normal conditions, treatment with proline exerted prooxidant action on both cellular and organismal levels. This was manifested in MDA accumulation and changes in APO and SOD activities. The amino acid alanine, used as a control, did not exert similar strong effect as proline. Application of 500 μM H2O2 on plant leaves resulted in the development of oxidative stress, whereas hydrogen peroxide addition into the culture medium — to the death of 50% of suspension cells. When plants and cultured cells were treated with 2 mM proline and than with H2O2, the number of dead cells in suspension was 35%, the content of MDA was decreased, APO was activated, and SOD activity was decreased in both cell culture and plant leaves. Thus, an increase in the intracellular proline concentration changed the redox balance and induced functioning of APO and SOD at both normal conditions of plant growing and cell culturing and under stress. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Proline and functioning of the antioxidant system in Thellungiella salsuginea plants and cultured cells subjected to oxidative stress

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/proline-and-functioning-of-the-antioxidant-system-in-thellungiella-5MCzWoEoYF
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443713010093
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effects of proline on the functioning of antioxidant enzymes — superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APO) — in Thellungiella salsuginea plants and cultured cells under normal conditions of culturing and under the influence of hydrogen peroxide (500 μM) were studied. Proline addition (0.2, 2, or 5 mM) to the medium for suspension culture or nutrient medium for plant growing resulted in the increase in the content of intracellular proline in both cultured cells and intact plant leaves and also in the activation of proline dehydrogenase, i.e., the enzyme degrading proline. Under normal conditions, treatment with proline exerted prooxidant action on both cellular and organismal levels. This was manifested in MDA accumulation and changes in APO and SOD activities. The amino acid alanine, used as a control, did not exert similar strong effect as proline. Application of 500 μM H2O2 on plant leaves resulted in the development of oxidative stress, whereas hydrogen peroxide addition into the culture medium — to the death of 50% of suspension cells. When plants and cultured cells were treated with 2 mM proline and than with H2O2, the number of dead cells in suspension was 35%, the content of MDA was decreased, APO was activated, and SOD activity was decreased in both cell culture and plant leaves. Thus, an increase in the intracellular proline concentration changed the redox balance and induced functioning of APO and SOD at both normal conditions of plant growing and cell culturing and under stress.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 28, 2012

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off