Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) is an easily obtained, physiologically integrative measure of total LV function. LVEDP may be a useful prognostic measure in patients with acute myocardial infarction and utilised to guide medical therapy and assess risk for post myocardial infarction heart failure. To assess the utility of LVEDP as a prognostic measure in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction. We performed an unrestricted search of electronic databases (1946 to March 2017) using a predefined search strategy. Publications were included if patients had an acute coronary syndrome and LVEDP was measured by cardiac catheterisation and included outcome data specifying major adverse cardiac events. Two reviewers performed independent study selection, data abstraction and quality assessment by using the Cochrane tool for randomised trials and the ROBINS-I tool for non-randomised studies. Our search identified 8637 patients in seven studies. In patients with elevated LVEDP and STEMI, there was a significantly increased risk of 30-day death (three studies, 5372 participants; RR 1.9; 95% CI 1.4–2.7; p < 0.001; I 2 = 35.3%) and heart failure (two studies, 2574 participants; RR 2.9; 95% CI 1.9–4.5; p = < 0.001; I 2 = 0.0%). There was no significant increase in risk of 30 day reinfarction (RR 1.25; 95% CI 0.77–2.1; p = 0.37; I 2 = 41.3%). Elevated LVEDP measured during cardiac catheterisation for acute myocardial infarction appears to be a predictor of heart failure and mortality.
Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 14, 2017
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