Plant growth experiments were conducted to assess symbiotic efficiency, photosynthetic rates, and the development of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) seedlings after seed inoculation with active and inactive strains of root nodule bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum preincubated in the presence homologous and heterologous proteins. The properties of active and inactive symbiotic strains were differentially modulated by homologous soybean lectin, which had a marked influence on plant physiological condition. The incubation of active rhizobia with a homologous lectin, i.e., lectin of the respective plant, increased the nitrogen-fixing activity of nodules and, consequently, elevated photosynthetic rates and weight increments in soybean plants. At the same time, the homologous lectin suppressed the symbiotic properties of inactive strain of nodule bacteria. The preincubation of rhizobia with a heterologous pea lectin had virtually no effect on functioning of symbiotic apparatus and photosynthetic rate, whereas the preincubation of root nodule bacteria with human albumin exerted an effect similar to that induced by a homologous lectin on symbiotic productivity.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 25, 2007
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