Production and hydrochemical characteristics of ice, under-ice water, and sediments in the Razdol’naya River estuary (Sea of Japan) were studied during the ice cover periods of the years 2007 and 2008. In 2007, snow cover was absent until mid-February and PAR levels under ice were sufficient for the development of phytoplankton. The chlorophyll a content in ice, under-ice water, and surface sediments was high, while nutrient levels were decreased. After a snowfall, the chlorophyll content in ice and under-ice water decreased sharply. In winter 2008, snow cover was formed immediately after freeze-up; therefore, PAR levels in the ice and under-ice water were significantly reduced. The chlorophyll content was lower, but nutrient levels were higher than in 2007. In both winter seasons, the greatest portion of chlorophyll (up to 85%) was contained in surface sediments. Diatoms were dominant in ice and under-ice water. In the absence of snow, primary production at the end of ice cover period may reach 1 g cal/(m2 day). With snow cover present, this index was markedly reduced.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 29, 2010
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