Processing of extreme moving-object update and query workloads in main memory

Processing of extreme moving-object update and query workloads in main memory The efficient processing of workloads that interleave moving-object updates and queries is challenging. In addition to the conflicting needs for update-efficient versus query-efficient data structures, the increasing parallel capabilities of multi-core processors yield challenges. To prevent concurrency anomalies and to ensure correct system behavior, conflicting update and query operations must be serialized. In this setting, it is a key concern to avoid that operations are blocked, which leaves processing cores idle. To enable efficient processing, we first examine concurrency degrees from traditional transaction processing in the context of our target domain and propose new semantics that enable a high degree of parallelism and ensure up-to-date query results. We define the new semantics for range and $$k$$ k -nearest neighbor queries. Then, we present a main-memory indexing technique called parallel grid that implements the proposed semantics as well as two other variants supporting different semantics. This enables us to quantify the effects that different degrees of consistency have on performance. We also present an alternative time-partitioning approach. Empirical studies with the above and three existing proposals conducted on modern processors show that our proposals scale near-linearly with the number of hardware threads and thus are able to benefit from increasing on-chip parallelism. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The VLDB Journal Springer Journals

Processing of extreme moving-object update and query workloads in main memory

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Computer Science; Database Management
ISSN
1066-8888
eISSN
0949-877X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00778-014-0353-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The efficient processing of workloads that interleave moving-object updates and queries is challenging. In addition to the conflicting needs for update-efficient versus query-efficient data structures, the increasing parallel capabilities of multi-core processors yield challenges. To prevent concurrency anomalies and to ensure correct system behavior, conflicting update and query operations must be serialized. In this setting, it is a key concern to avoid that operations are blocked, which leaves processing cores idle. To enable efficient processing, we first examine concurrency degrees from traditional transaction processing in the context of our target domain and propose new semantics that enable a high degree of parallelism and ensure up-to-date query results. We define the new semantics for range and $$k$$ k -nearest neighbor queries. Then, we present a main-memory indexing technique called parallel grid that implements the proposed semantics as well as two other variants supporting different semantics. This enables us to quantify the effects that different degrees of consistency have on performance. We also present an alternative time-partitioning approach. Empirical studies with the above and three existing proposals conducted on modern processors show that our proposals scale near-linearly with the number of hardware threads and thus are able to benefit from increasing on-chip parallelism.

Journal

The VLDB JournalSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 1, 2014

References

  • Efficiency matters!
    Anderson, E; Tucek, J

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