Procedures for Increasing Sustained Attention in Adults with Mild Intellectual Disabilities

Procedures for Increasing Sustained Attention in Adults with Mild Intellectual Disabilities This research compared the effects of several factors on sustained attention in four participants with mild or mild-to-moderate intellectual disabilities. In each session, each participant received an extended number of conditional discriminations that required a differential response to infrequently occurring target stimuli. We assessed sustained attention across conditions as a function of instructions, response feedback, and accuracy-dependent money delivery. Instructions alone did not maintain high levels of sustained attention in the absence of response feedback and accuracy-dependent money delivery for any of the participants, and the effects of response feedback without accuracy-dependent money delivery were mixed. Accuracy-dependent money delivery reliably engendered high levels of sustained attention for each participant, both with and without response feedback. This research provides procedures for studying sustained attention in individuals with intellectual disabilities for extended periods of time. Such procedures are necessary to investigate the effects of other variables that impact sustained attention in this population. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Psychological Record Springer Journals

Procedures for Increasing Sustained Attention in Adults with Mild Intellectual Disabilities

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Association of Behavior Analysis International
Subject
Psychology; Psychology, general
ISSN
0033-2933
eISSN
2163-3452
D.O.I.
10.11133/j.tpr.2013.63.1.008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This research compared the effects of several factors on sustained attention in four participants with mild or mild-to-moderate intellectual disabilities. In each session, each participant received an extended number of conditional discriminations that required a differential response to infrequently occurring target stimuli. We assessed sustained attention across conditions as a function of instructions, response feedback, and accuracy-dependent money delivery. Instructions alone did not maintain high levels of sustained attention in the absence of response feedback and accuracy-dependent money delivery for any of the participants, and the effects of response feedback without accuracy-dependent money delivery were mixed. Accuracy-dependent money delivery reliably engendered high levels of sustained attention for each participant, both with and without response feedback. This research provides procedures for studying sustained attention in individuals with intellectual disabilities for extended periods of time. Such procedures are necessary to investigate the effects of other variables that impact sustained attention in this population.

Journal

The Psychological RecordSpringer Journals

Published: May 23, 2017

References

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