Probable mechanisms involved in the antipsychotic-like activity of methyl jasmonate in mice

Probable mechanisms involved in the antipsychotic-like activity of methyl jasmonate in mice Psychosis is a chronic neuropsychiatric disorder that affects millions of individuals worldwide and impairs the quality of life and productivity of the patients. The clinical efficacy of antipsychotic drugs has been compromised by adverse effects, relapse, and therapeutic failures, thus necessitating search for alternative agents. Methyl jasmonate (MJ) is a bioactive compound reported to have beneficial effects in various neurological disorders. This study was undertaken to investigate the antipsychotic-like effects of MJ in mice. Male Swiss mice were pretreated intraperitoneally with MJ (25–100 mg/kg) or vehicle (10 mL/kg) 60 min prior to bromocriptine (5 mg/kg) or acute injection of ketamine (10 mg/kg). Thereafter, each mouse was observed for stereotype behaviors for 2 min at 10, 15, 20, 30, and 45 min post-bromocriptine injection. Another set of mice received MJ (25–100 mg/kg) or vehicle (10 mL/kg) 60 min after chronic ketamine injection (20 mg/kg, i.p) once daily for 14 consecutive days. Afterwards, locomotor activity and memory function in this sequence were evaluated using open field and Y-maze tests. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) and activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the brain were determined. MJ significantly inhibited stereotypy behavior induced by bromocriptine or acute ketamine injection, which suggest antipsychotic-like activity. It also attenuated hyper-locomotion and memory deficits induced by chronic injection of ketamine in mice. The increased oxidative stress as shown by the altered brain levels of MDA, GSH, and activity of antioxidant enzymes induced by chronic injection of ketamine was reduced by MJ. Taken together, these findings suggest that MJ demonstrated antipsychotic-like property via mechanism related to its antioxidant property and interference with dopaminergic neurotransmission. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology Springer Journals

Probable mechanisms involved in the antipsychotic-like activity of methyl jasmonate in mice

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Neurosciences
ISSN
0028-1298
eISSN
1432-1912
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00210-017-1386-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Psychosis is a chronic neuropsychiatric disorder that affects millions of individuals worldwide and impairs the quality of life and productivity of the patients. The clinical efficacy of antipsychotic drugs has been compromised by adverse effects, relapse, and therapeutic failures, thus necessitating search for alternative agents. Methyl jasmonate (MJ) is a bioactive compound reported to have beneficial effects in various neurological disorders. This study was undertaken to investigate the antipsychotic-like effects of MJ in mice. Male Swiss mice were pretreated intraperitoneally with MJ (25–100 mg/kg) or vehicle (10 mL/kg) 60 min prior to bromocriptine (5 mg/kg) or acute injection of ketamine (10 mg/kg). Thereafter, each mouse was observed for stereotype behaviors for 2 min at 10, 15, 20, 30, and 45 min post-bromocriptine injection. Another set of mice received MJ (25–100 mg/kg) or vehicle (10 mL/kg) 60 min after chronic ketamine injection (20 mg/kg, i.p) once daily for 14 consecutive days. Afterwards, locomotor activity and memory function in this sequence were evaluated using open field and Y-maze tests. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) and activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the brain were determined. MJ significantly inhibited stereotypy behavior induced by bromocriptine or acute ketamine injection, which suggest antipsychotic-like activity. It also attenuated hyper-locomotion and memory deficits induced by chronic injection of ketamine in mice. The increased oxidative stress as shown by the altered brain levels of MDA, GSH, and activity of antioxidant enzymes induced by chronic injection of ketamine was reduced by MJ. Taken together, these findings suggest that MJ demonstrated antipsychotic-like property via mechanism related to its antioxidant property and interference with dopaminergic neurotransmission.

Journal

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of PharmacologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 13, 2017

References

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