Probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue

Probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue This work proposes a probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue (PAQD) based on Bell states with the following notable features. (1) In our proposed scheme, the dialogue is encoded in a probabilistic way, i.e., the same messages can be encoded into different quantum states, whereas in the state-of-the-art authenticated quantum dialogue (AQD), the dialogue is encoded in a deterministic way; (2) the pre-shared secret key between two communicants can be reused without any security loophole; (3) each dialogue in the proposed PAQD can be exchanged within only one-step quantum communication and one-step classical communication. However, in the state-of-the-art AQD protocols, both communicants have to run a QKD protocol for each dialogue and each dialogue requires multiple quantum as well as classical communicational steps; (4) nevertheless, the proposed scheme can resist the man-in-the-middle attack, the modification attack, and even other well-known attacks. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-015-1140-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This work proposes a probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue (PAQD) based on Bell states with the following notable features. (1) In our proposed scheme, the dialogue is encoded in a probabilistic way, i.e., the same messages can be encoded into different quantum states, whereas in the state-of-the-art authenticated quantum dialogue (AQD), the dialogue is encoded in a deterministic way; (2) the pre-shared secret key between two communicants can be reused without any security loophole; (3) each dialogue in the proposed PAQD can be exchanged within only one-step quantum communication and one-step classical communication. However, in the state-of-the-art AQD protocols, both communicants have to run a QKD protocol for each dialogue and each dialogue requires multiple quantum as well as classical communicational steps; (4) nevertheless, the proposed scheme can resist the man-in-the-middle attack, the modification attack, and even other well-known attacks.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 8, 2015

References

  • Quantum dialogue
    Nguyen, BA
  • Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?
    Einstein, A; Podolsky, P; Rosen, S
  • Three-party quantum secure direct communication based on GHZ states
    Jin, XR; Ji, X; Zhang, YQ; Zhang, S; Hong, SK; Yeon, KH; Um, CI
  • Quantum secure dialogue by using single photons
    Shi, GF; Xi, XQ; Hu, ML; Yue, RH
  • Quantum dialogue protocols immune to collective noise
    Yang, CW; Hwang, T
  • Efficient quantum dialogue using single photons
    Luo, Y-P; Lin, C-Y; Hwang, T
  • Eavesdropping on the two-way quantum communication protocols with invisible photons
    Cai, QY
  • Quantum authencryption: one-step authenticated quantum secure direct communications for off-line communicants
    Hwang, T; Luo, Y-P; Yang, C-W; Lin, T-H

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