Prior History of Physical and Sexual Abuse Among the Psychiatric Inpatient Population: A Comparison of Males and Females

Prior History of Physical and Sexual Abuse Among the Psychiatric Inpatient Population: A... Despite increasing attention given to the high prevalence and effects of abuse in the severely mentally ill, few studies have looked at its effects among males. While both male and female psychiatric patients report greater abuse history than the general population, studies have focused on females alone. The current study compared the effects of abuse history between 271 severely mentally ill males (n = 160) and females (n = 111). The mean age of participants was 33.7 years (SD = 9.73), and included 129 Caucasians, 120 African Americans, 15 Hispanic-Americans, and 7 “Other” (i.e., Asian and native American descent). Primary Axis I diagnoses included Bipolar disorder (23.2%) major depressive disorder (27.7%) schizophrenic disorder (26.6%), substance-related disorders (10.3%), and miscellaneous disorders (12.1%). Each patient completed a comprehensive assessment, including clinician ratings, self-report measures, clinical and structured interviews. Comparisons between genders revealed that females were more likely to report both physical and sexual abuse, and males were more likely to report no history of abuse. In addition, Caucasians were more likely to report abuse than were African Americans, and voluntary patients were more likely to endorse abuse history than those admitted involuntarily. Few gender differences were found in psychological symptoms among males and females. Satisfaction with the home environment was significantly lower for abused than nonabused females. This was not true for males. However, abused psychiatric patients were perceived by the physicians, nurses, and themselves as having greater emotional disturbance than were nonabused patients, regardless of gender. Clinical implications are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatric Quarterly Springer Journals

Prior History of Physical and Sexual Abuse Among the Psychiatric Inpatient Population: A Comparison of Males and Females

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Public Health; Sociology, general
ISSN
0033-2720
eISSN
1573-6709
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:PSAQ.0000043510.41919.55
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Despite increasing attention given to the high prevalence and effects of abuse in the severely mentally ill, few studies have looked at its effects among males. While both male and female psychiatric patients report greater abuse history than the general population, studies have focused on females alone. The current study compared the effects of abuse history between 271 severely mentally ill males (n = 160) and females (n = 111). The mean age of participants was 33.7 years (SD = 9.73), and included 129 Caucasians, 120 African Americans, 15 Hispanic-Americans, and 7 “Other” (i.e., Asian and native American descent). Primary Axis I diagnoses included Bipolar disorder (23.2%) major depressive disorder (27.7%) schizophrenic disorder (26.6%), substance-related disorders (10.3%), and miscellaneous disorders (12.1%). Each patient completed a comprehensive assessment, including clinician ratings, self-report measures, clinical and structured interviews. Comparisons between genders revealed that females were more likely to report both physical and sexual abuse, and males were more likely to report no history of abuse. In addition, Caucasians were more likely to report abuse than were African Americans, and voluntary patients were more likely to endorse abuse history than those admitted involuntarily. Few gender differences were found in psychological symptoms among males and females. Satisfaction with the home environment was significantly lower for abused than nonabused females. This was not true for males. However, abused psychiatric patients were perceived by the physicians, nurses, and themselves as having greater emotional disturbance than were nonabused patients, regardless of gender. Clinical implications are discussed.

Journal

Psychiatric QuarterlySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 23, 2004

References

  • Physical and sexual assault history in women with serious mental illness: Prevalence, correlates, treatment, and future research directions
    Goodman, LA; Rosenberg, SD; Mueser, KT
  • The relationship between violence dimensions and symptom severity among homeless, mentally ill women
    Goodman, LA; Dutton, MA; Harris, M
  • Comparison of the Shipley Institute of Living Scale and the WAIS-R IQ scores for a sample of public sector psychiatric inpatients
    Hays, JR; Emmons, J; Wagner, A

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