Prion-like Doppel gene (PRND) in the goat: genomic structure, cDNA, and polymorphisms

Prion-like Doppel gene (PRND) in the goat: genomic structure, cDNA, and polymorphisms The genomic structure of the caprine Doppel gene (PRND) was determined using the ovine sequence as a scaffold to generate PCR fragments that were aligned with a cDNA sequence obtained from testicular mRNA. The caprine gene contains two exons, 89 and >2291 bp long, separated by a 1689-bp intron. Two mRNA isoforms of 3.2 and 4.8 kb were identified in the testis, as well as the exact transcription start site by fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide extension (FLOE). Like in sheep and cattle, the open reading frame (ORF) (537 bp) lies within exon 2 and is very much conserved in sheep (99.3%) and cattle (97%). The intronic sequence is also highly conserved (95.3%) compared with sheep, with the only exception of a 47-bp insertion. The PRND ORF was sequenced in 47 healthy and 17 TSE-affected goats of the Italian Ionica breed. Seven nucleotide positions showed variation: T28C, C65T, A151G, G286A, C385G, T451C, and T528C. Five were commonly represented polymorphisms: T28C, T451C, and T528C are silent mutations at codons L10, L151, and I176, respectively, while A151G and C385G determine a T51A and L129V amino acid change, respectively. The two remaining variants, C65T and G286A, were rare, leading to the amino acid substitutions S22F and E96K, respectively. None of the polymorphisms was significantly relatable to the TSE status, and the same result was obtained by the analysis of the combined haplotypes at the five major polymorphic sites, namely, T28C, C65T, A151G, G286A, and C385G. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals
Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/prion-like-doppel-gene-prnd-in-the-goat-genomic-structure-cdna-and-sMROaGj4LC
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Anatomy; Cell Biology; Zoology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-005-0084-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The genomic structure of the caprine Doppel gene (PRND) was determined using the ovine sequence as a scaffold to generate PCR fragments that were aligned with a cDNA sequence obtained from testicular mRNA. The caprine gene contains two exons, 89 and >2291 bp long, separated by a 1689-bp intron. Two mRNA isoforms of 3.2 and 4.8 kb were identified in the testis, as well as the exact transcription start site by fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide extension (FLOE). Like in sheep and cattle, the open reading frame (ORF) (537 bp) lies within exon 2 and is very much conserved in sheep (99.3%) and cattle (97%). The intronic sequence is also highly conserved (95.3%) compared with sheep, with the only exception of a 47-bp insertion. The PRND ORF was sequenced in 47 healthy and 17 TSE-affected goats of the Italian Ionica breed. Seven nucleotide positions showed variation: T28C, C65T, A151G, G286A, C385G, T451C, and T528C. Five were commonly represented polymorphisms: T28C, T451C, and T528C are silent mutations at codons L10, L151, and I176, respectively, while A151G and C385G determine a T51A and L129V amino acid change, respectively. The two remaining variants, C65T and G286A, were rare, leading to the amino acid substitutions S22F and E96K, respectively. None of the polymorphisms was significantly relatable to the TSE status, and the same result was obtained by the analysis of the combined haplotypes at the five major polymorphic sites, namely, T28C, C65T, A151G, G286A, and C385G.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 8, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off