Primate chromosome evolution: with reference to marker order and neocentromeres

Primate chromosome evolution: with reference to marker order and neocentromeres Establishing chromosomal homology in comparative cytogenetics remained speculative until the advent of molecular cytogenetics. Chromosome sorting by flow cytometry and degenerate oligonucleotide primed-PCR (DOP-PCR) brought a significant simplification and impetus to chromosome painting. Comparative chromosome painting has permitted reasonable hypotheses for ancestral karyotypes at many points on the phylogenetic tree of mammals. Derived associations often provided landmarks that showed the route evolution took. More recently hybridization with cloned DNA has provided information on intrachromosomal rearrangements. BAC-FISH allows marker order, in addition to syntenies and associations, to be added to the ancestral karyotypes. Comparisons of marker order across species revealed that centromere shifts (evolutionary new centromeres) are frequent and important phenomena of chromosome evolution. Further comparison between evolutionary new centromeres and clinical neocentromeres shows that an evolutionary perspective can provide compelling, underlying, explicative grounds for contemporary genomic phenomena. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Primate chromosome evolution: with reference to marker order and neocentromeres

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102279541009019X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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