Primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: risk factors for macular involvement

Primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: risk factors for macular involvement Purpose Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) has diagnostically been divided into macula-OFF or macula-ON. The aim of this study was to describe the demographics and primary outcome of patients with RD following surgery with respect to the macular status, and to determine risk factors for macular involvement. Methods This prospective, observational, mono-centric cohort study was conducted at the Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital, from February 2015 until March 2017. The study included 194 eligible patients with primary RD. All patients underwent surgical treatment after baseline clinical examination. The dataset was analyzed using descriptive and analytic statistics. Results A total of 52.6% (102/194) of patients presented with macula-OFF RD. Mean age was 63.9 ± 12.0 vs. 59.7 ± 11.2 years in the OFF and ON group, respectively. There were 129 men (66.5%) and 65 (33.5%) women, and there were significantly more right eyes affected [right vs. left eyes 123 (63.4%) vs. 71 (36.6%), p = 0.000]. Significantly more myopes (<−3D) presented with a macula-ON RD (p = 0.04). There were more phakic patients in the cohort (55.7%), and phakic eyes were more likely to present with macula-ON RD (p = 0.01). Multivariate modeling showed that pseudophakic lens status and eyes with axial length http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Ophthalmology
ISSN
0721-832X
eISSN
1435-702X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00417-017-3880-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) has diagnostically been divided into macula-OFF or macula-ON. The aim of this study was to describe the demographics and primary outcome of patients with RD following surgery with respect to the macular status, and to determine risk factors for macular involvement. Methods This prospective, observational, mono-centric cohort study was conducted at the Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital, from February 2015 until March 2017. The study included 194 eligible patients with primary RD. All patients underwent surgical treatment after baseline clinical examination. The dataset was analyzed using descriptive and analytic statistics. Results A total of 52.6% (102/194) of patients presented with macula-OFF RD. Mean age was 63.9 ± 12.0 vs. 59.7 ± 11.2 years in the OFF and ON group, respectively. There were 129 men (66.5%) and 65 (33.5%) women, and there were significantly more right eyes affected [right vs. left eyes 123 (63.4%) vs. 71 (36.6%), p = 0.000]. Significantly more myopes (<−3D) presented with a macula-ON RD (p = 0.04). There were more phakic patients in the cohort (55.7%), and phakic eyes were more likely to present with macula-ON RD (p = 0.01). Multivariate modeling showed that pseudophakic lens status and eyes with axial length

Journal

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental OphthalmologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 28, 2017

References

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