Prevalences of hereditary diseases in different populations of Russia

Prevalences of hereditary diseases in different populations of Russia The geographic distribution of hereditary diseases (HDs) in different populations and ethnic groups of Russia has been studied. The main patterns of the formation of the prevalence and spectrum of HDs in five ethnic groups (Russians from six regions, Mari, Chuvashes, Udmurts, and Adygeans) from a total of ten regions of Russia have been analyzed. Analysis of correlations suggests that genetic drift is the main factor of the genetic differentiation of populations with respect to the prevalence of HDs. Accumulation of HDs in individual populations and ethnic groups has been analyzed. Hereditary diseases characterized by locally high prevalence rates in individual populations or ethnic groups have been detected. The main patterns of the accumulation of individual diseases and differences between populations and ethnic groups in this respect have been studied with the use of principal component analysis, which describes these patterns more graphically. It has been demonstrated that the genes of HDs are a promising tool for characterizing ethnogenetic processes in populations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Prevalences of hereditary diseases in different populations of Russia

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795407090104
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The geographic distribution of hereditary diseases (HDs) in different populations and ethnic groups of Russia has been studied. The main patterns of the formation of the prevalence and spectrum of HDs in five ethnic groups (Russians from six regions, Mari, Chuvashes, Udmurts, and Adygeans) from a total of ten regions of Russia have been analyzed. Analysis of correlations suggests that genetic drift is the main factor of the genetic differentiation of populations with respect to the prevalence of HDs. Accumulation of HDs in individual populations and ethnic groups has been analyzed. Hereditary diseases characterized by locally high prevalence rates in individual populations or ethnic groups have been detected. The main patterns of the accumulation of individual diseases and differences between populations and ethnic groups in this respect have been studied with the use of principal component analysis, which describes these patterns more graphically. It has been demonstrated that the genes of HDs are a promising tool for characterizing ethnogenetic processes in populations.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 27, 2007

References

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