Prevalence of swine influenza virus subtypes on swine farms in the United States

Prevalence of swine influenza virus subtypes on swine farms in the United States Serologic and virologic prevalence of infection with different swine influenza virus (SIV) subtypes was investigated using swine sera, nasal swabs and lung samples that had been submitted for a diagnosis to the Minnesota Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. A total of 111,418 pig sera were tested for SIV antibody between 1998 and 2000, and 25,348 sera (22.8%) were found to be positive by the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. Of the positive samples, 16,807 (66.7%) and 8,541 (33.7%) had antibody to H1 and H3 subtypes, respectively. Between January 1998 and May of 2001, a total of 3,561 nasal swabs or lung samples were examined for the presence of SIV, and SIV was isolated from 1,124 samples (31.7%). Of these isolates, 869 (77.3%) and 255 (22.7%) were subtyped as H1 and H3, respectively, by the HI method. For further characterization, 120 SIV isolates each from 1998 to 2001 were randomly selected from a culture collection and their hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase genes examined by reverse transcription-PCR and sequencing. Of the 480 isolates, 322 (67.1%), 22 (4.6%) and 129 (26.9%) were subtyped as H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2, respectively. The remaining 7 samples (1.5%) were found to contain both H1N1 and H3N2 viruses. The SIV H1N2 subtype was isolated from 1, 8, and 13 samples in 1999, 2000, and 2001, respectively. The 22 H1N2 isolates originated from 9 different states of the United States. Genetic screening of the HA genes of 12 selected H1N2 isolates showed that 8 of them had a close phylogenetic relationship with the Indiana isolate of H1N2 (A/Swine/Indiana/9K035/99), while 4 isolates were closely related to classical SIV H1N1. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Prevalence of swine influenza virus subtypes on swine farms in the United States

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/prevalence-of-swine-influenza-virus-subtypes-on-swine-farms-in-the-chEWGs09e0
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-002-0788-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial