Prevalence of HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance in recently infected, treatment-naïve persons in the Southwest of Iran, 2014-2015

Prevalence of HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance in recently infected, treatment-naïve persons in... The emergence and transmission of drug resistant HIV mutants is a major concern, especially in resource-limited countries with expanding antiretroviral therapy. Studies have recently reported the prevalence of HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance (TDR) mutations in certain Iranian cities; however, no information is currently available about the level of TDR, as well as the nature of the circulating HIV-1 subtypes, in the Southwestern bordering province of Iran, Khuzestan. Herein, we used a WHO-recommended TDR survey method to classify the prevalence of TDR in indigenous people of Khuzestan province. For this purpose, between March 2014 and February 2015, blood samples were collected from 52 newly diagnosed, antiretroviral treatment-naïve, HIV-1 infected persons aged from 18 to 30 years. TDR mutations were determined by sequencing the protease (PR) and reverse transcriptase (RT) genes and interpreted using the WHO drug resistance mutations surveillance list. HIV-1 subtypes were characterized by sequencing the PR-RT, C2-V5, and p17 regions of the pol, env and gag genes, respectively. Two participants had non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) resistance mutations, specifically K103N in one individual and K101EK/K103KN/G190AG in the other. No nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) or major protease inhibitor (PI) mutations were identified. HIV-1 subtyping revealed that all participants were infected with HIV-1 CRF35_AD. According to the WHO sequential sampling method, the prevalence of HIV-1 TDR in the sampling area (Khuzestan province) was classified as moderate for NNRTIs and low for NRTIs and PIs. This is the first HIV-1 drug resistance threshold survey in the Khuzestan province of Iran and shows a predominance of NNRTI TDR mutations in this area. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Prevalence of HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance in recently infected, treatment-naïve persons in the Southwest of Iran, 2014-2015

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/prevalence-of-hiv-1-transmitted-drug-resistance-in-recently-infected-ZZ5vhw9RiU
Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-017-3431-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial