Medical genetic study of the population of Altai Republic (Russia) has been performed. The population sample comprises 203 148 subjects, including 59 196 Altaians, 134 972 Russians, and 8980 Kazakhs. For each nosological group, the loads of Mendelian pathology with different modes of inheritance and their prevalence rates in urban and rural populations have been determined. Thirty-six autosomal dominant (AD) diseases have been found in a total of 121 subjects, with hereditary syndromes being the most prevalent. Autosomal recessive (AR) pathology is represented by 24 diseases found in 158 subjects, with metabolic disorders being the most prevalent; and X-linked pathology, by four diseases in nine subjects. The prevalence rate has been calculated for each nosological form in the district where it has been found. The loads of AD, AR, and X-linked pathologies in the urban population were, respectively, 2.98 and 9.62 per 1000 people and 0.56 per 1000 men in Altaians; 0.86 and 0.94 per 1000 people and 0.23 per 1000 men in Russians; 0.34 and 1.16 per 1000 people in Kazakhs. In the rural population, the genetic load has been calculated for each district. The spectrum of hereditary pathology in the populations studied is described.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 29, 2004
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