Prevalence study on GastroIntestinal (GI) helminths of goats was carried out at Govt. Farms of twin districts of Bandipora and Ganderbal and locally reared goats of district Baramulla of the Kashmir Valley over a period of one year from December 2011 to November 2012. A total of 1016 faecal samples were examined which revealed overall prevalence of GI helminths to be 74.70%, with platyhelminths and nemathelminths in 14.76 and 70.07% animals, respectively. The helminths recorded in the present study were Fasciola spp. (2.75%), Dicrocoelium spp. (3.44%), paramphistomes (3.05%), Moniezia spp. (9.44%), strongyle worms including Nematodirus spp. (68.30%), Strongyloides spp. (5.90%) and Trichuris spp. (4.29%). On coprocultural examination Haemonchus spp. (71.05%) was found to be the most predominant strongyle worm followed by Trichostrongylus spp. (12.86%), Chabertia spp. (8.47%) and Ostertagia spp. (7.62%). Seasonal prevalence of GI helminths was observed highest in summer (78.03%) followed by spring (75.39%), winter (74.90%) and autumn (70.47%), the difference being statistically non-significant (P > 0.05). The prevalence of platyhelminths was found to be non-significantly higher in winter (20.00%) followed by spring (15.07%), summer (12.54%) and autumn (11.41%). Nemathelminths were recorded highest in summer (75.68%) followed by spring (71.82%), autumn (68.50%) and winter (64.31%). EPG ranged from 0 to 1500 and an average EPG count was found to be 312.7 ± 17.76. EPG was found to be highest in summer (453.80 ± 45.25) followed by spring (313.2 ± 28.76), autumn (256.1 ± 17.48) and winter (190.2 ± 32.0).Overall prevalence of GI helminths was found more in adult goats (77.85%) compared to young ones (67.42%), the difference being statistically significant (P < 0.05). Similarly, it was found to be higher in females (75.89%) as compared to males (66.12%) and the variation being statistically non-significant (P > 0.05).
Journal of Parasitic Diseases – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 17, 2017
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