The number of plasmodesmata was calculated per 1 μm of cell wall length in the central and medullar zones of shoot apical meristems (SAM) in the course of floral transition in a long-day (LD) plant Rudbeckia bicolor Nutt. and a short-day plant Perilla nankinensis Lour. Under the day length unfavorable for flowering (control), the numbers of plasmodesmata differed in the central and medullar zones of SAM, which produce the reproductive organs and stems, respectively. Besides, the numbers of plasmodesmata in the central zone of perilla SAM considerably differed between the anticlinal and periclinal cell walls of the first and second cell layers. Following the photoperiodic induction (PI) with eight LD in rudbeckia and twelve SD in perilla favorable for floral transition, the numbers of plasmodesmata considerably increased in the anticlinal and periclinal cell walls of the first and second cell layers of the central zone; meanwhile in the medullar zone, the numbers of plasmodesmata dropped down following PI. These data show that floral transition presumably involves the activation of cell-to-cell interactions and enhances the signal transduction in SAM.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 24, 2007
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