Presence of a full-length highly polymorphic region (HPR) in the ISAV haemagglutinin-esterase does not affect the primary functions of receptor binding and esterase activity

Presence of a full-length highly polymorphic region (HPR) in the ISAV haemagglutinin-esterase... The putatively avirulent infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) HPR0 variant has key phenotypic differences to isolates from disease outbreaks in Atlantic salmon farms. It appears to not cause disease, potentially displays a different tissue tropism and has yet to be isolated in conventional ISAV-permissive cell lines. This study focussed on identifying the biological basis for the observed differences by examining the properties of the haemagglutinin-esterase (HE) proteins derived from NWM10 (HPR0), Nevis 390/98 (HPR7 pathogenic strain) and mutant combinations of the two. Using a transfection-based system and haemadsorption analysis in salmon cell lines, this study demonstrated for the first time that an HPR0 HE was fully functional in terms of receptor-binding and -destroying activity and also suggested that the presence of a full-length HPR alone did not appear to affect these functions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Presence of a full-length highly polymorphic region (HPR) in the ISAV haemagglutinin-esterase does not affect the primary functions of receptor binding and esterase activity

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-011-1106-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The putatively avirulent infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) HPR0 variant has key phenotypic differences to isolates from disease outbreaks in Atlantic salmon farms. It appears to not cause disease, potentially displays a different tissue tropism and has yet to be isolated in conventional ISAV-permissive cell lines. This study focussed on identifying the biological basis for the observed differences by examining the properties of the haemagglutinin-esterase (HE) proteins derived from NWM10 (HPR0), Nevis 390/98 (HPR7 pathogenic strain) and mutant combinations of the two. Using a transfection-based system and haemadsorption analysis in salmon cell lines, this study demonstrated for the first time that an HPR0 HE was fully functional in terms of receptor-binding and -destroying activity and also suggested that the presence of a full-length HPR alone did not appear to affect these functions.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2011

References

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